H.E. R.M. Marty M. Natalegawa
Permanent Representative of the Republic of Indonesia
to the United Nations
on Agenda Item 107:
Report of the Secretary General
on the Work of the Organization
New York, 6 October 2009
I take this opportunity to thank the Secretary-General for his report on the work of the organization.
We are meeting in the midst of new and old challenges that need to be addressed collectively and effectively.
There are the impacts of the multiple crises – financial, food and energy. In the background is the force of climate change slowly gathering speed. Not to mention the current rapid spread of H1N1 Influenza.
At the same time, we are still confronted by perennial problems such as the challenge in achieving a nuclear free-world, persistent interstate and intrastate conflict, human rights violations, transnational organized crimes, and in particular terrorism.
These are a set of cross border challenges that can only be addressed through a multilateral lens. Renewed international effort and cooperation to tackle multifaceted threats becomes more pivotal.
We must seize this moment to embrace new multilateralism. To work in solidarity. In unity. In the interest of all.
Thus, the moment to perfect the triangle of development, freedom and peace has never been greater.
Central to this effort is strengthening our multilateral institutional architecture that should be more robust and more pro-active. In this context we need to ensure that the United Nations can truly be more relevant, by making it more democratic and coherent.
It is only through such efforts can the United Nations become a credible and reliable institution capable of performing its functions and mandate in line with Member States needs.
In addressing the development imperative, we must take into account the three systemic crisis impinging on us now that is financial, food and fuel crisis. Against this bleak backdrop, is the threat of climate change.
What is most urgent for the work of this session is to disentangle the global economy from the economic crisis and recession. We all have made important contributions to ensure progress, yet the underlying causes of the crisis still haven’t been addressed fully and effectively.
We need to ensure follow-up actions from the outcome of the UN conference on the world financial and economic crisis and its impact on development in full and timely fashion. At the same time our work this session must also be in synergy with other processes.
In the meantime, global food security remains elusive with inadequate access and supply of food for the majority of the world’s poor. With about one billion people now suffering from hunger and malnutrition, we cannot afford to keep this issue out of the UN’s main focus.
The UN should continue to play an active role in mainstreaming agricultural policies into international development agenda. Central to this is strengthening international food security and social safety nets.
On climate change, in Copenhagen we need to reach a comprehensive agreement that is inclusive, equitable and fair. The Summit on Climate Change held in New York on 22 September has galvanized the political momentum to reach a consensus. The negotiations should be guided by the Bali Roadmap based on the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities.
Although it is important to note that the negotiations should be done under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the United Nations’ process does play a crucial role in providing a constructive way to inject political support to Climate Conference in Copenhagen.
On the MDGs, many developing countries have made good progress. We are however concerned that the current global crises threaten to set back the progress made. Given the very limited time to 2015, our work this year must also be able to contribute concretely to our global efforts to attaining the MDGs.
The United Nations should ensure active monitoring and evaluation on the attainment of MDGs, so as to provide valuable inputs for next year MDGs Review Summit. The role of the United Nations on the global development agenda must be promoted.
Indonesia deeply appreciates the expression of support and solidarity by many on the devastating quake which recently hits west Sumatera. It also expresses condolences to Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, India, Samoa, American Samoa, Tonga and others in the region that have also recently been struck by natural calamities.
The human and economic loss from natural disasters highlights the importance of intensifying joint emergency response and preparedness to disasters especially in developing countries.
In this context, the UN humanitarian system should continue to mobilize funds and strengthen capacity, which form a vital aspect for emergencies throughout the world.
The new spirit of multilateralism must also be utilized to address the longstanding peace and security challenges confronting the world.
Peace in the Middle East is particularly crucial to long-term global stability. Indonesia remains fully supportive of the two-State solution, in which Israel and Palestine will live side-by-side in peace, and in which the Palestinian state will enjoy full, unqualified sovereignty and authority.
In this critical juncture, we wish to underscore that the United Nations has a historical responsibility in finding a truly comprehensive and lasting peace in the Middle East
Terrorism, Mr. President, is a complex phenomenon, and consequently the fight against it requires a comprehensive approach. We must steadfastly combat terrorism without resorting to repressive and undemocratic measures. The root causes such as poverty and injustice should also be urgently acted on.
The United Nations, thus can play a unique role by building on the various national and regional efforts to overcome the challenges of terrorism.
We are now at promising juncture to reach a world free of nuclear weapons. Given the current positive atmosphere among member states, NPT States parties - Nuclear and Non-Nuclear Weapon states, should both strive to agree on concrete steps to ensure the objective of total and complete disarmament, and strengthen nonproliferation at the Review Conference next year.
In this context, the United Nations should continue towards the revitalization of multilateral disarmament efforts.
On peacekeeping, Indonesia welcomes the ongoing discussions on the future direction of UN peacekeeping operations. We should ensure that this process provides a framework on UN peacekeeping operation that builds a strong global partnership; that encourage ownership of all stakeholders. We should also not neglect the potential role of women in peace keeping operations. However, peacekeeping is not a panacea for addressing the root causes of conflict. Its potential lies in creating conducive environment so that political processes can advance.
We need to reaffirm that all human rights are universal, indivisible, interdependent and inter-related, hence must be treated in a fair and equal manner, on the same footing, and with the same emphasis with other issues of the UN.
In order to advance the work of the Human Rights Council, the General Assembly must provide strategic guidance.
The UN should also strengthen its advocacy efforts and take concrete steps to integrate human rights into all aspects of its work.
On the issue of the responsibility to protect, prevention is key. The deliberations should focus on the effort to strengthen the capacity of Member States to meet the requirement of good governance and rule of law.
To this end, the General Assembly should include a comprehensive and clear strategy aimed at strengthening those objectives.
Understandably, not all solutions lie with the United Nations but its relevancy cannot be underestimated.
We should invest in more adequate resources for the United Nations. The United Nations should also make every effort to be more transparent, democratic, effective and efficient in fulfilling its mandate.
We need a reformed United Nations Security Council that is credible and reflects the plurality of our world today. The role of the General Assembly should be reaffirmed as the chief deliberative, policy-making and representative organ of the United Nations. The Economic and Social Council needs to be empowered so that it can advocate and coordinate policy advice in all aspects of development, especially in the age of interlinked crises.
While there is no certainty as to what the future has in store, but if history is our teacher, then there is hope that we can prepare better for what lies ahead. For this, the culture of work in the UN must be reformed. We must ensure result based management, good governance, transparency, accountability be an integral part of the management of the UN system. This is what the system wide coherence is all about.
Let me conclude by emphasizing that the challenges we face today are immense. Our success will be define on how we could in address the challenges of development, peace and security, and human rights, on an equal footing, with the UN at the center of this effort.
I thank you.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
325 East 38th Street, New York, NY, 10016, USA
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