EXPLANATION OF THE VOTE
H.E. Mr. Hasan Kleib
Deputy Permanent Representative of Indonesia
On the Security Council draft resolution on Zimbabwe
New York, 11 July 2008
Indonesia has been following developments in Zimbabwe closely and with profound concern. We wish to underline the significance of the negative reports of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union and the Pan-African Parliament observers on the Zimbabwean Presidential run-off election held on 27 June 2008. Clearly, the conduct of the elections has to be undertaken in a free and fair manner.
We have been appalled by the political violence, intimidation and the loss of life that has occurred. We have also been concerned by reports of prevailing dire humanitarian situation.
It is our fervent hope that the people of Zimbabwe would be able to resolve the difficult situation they face, in a peaceful and democratic manner and in accordance with Zimbabwe's own constitutional processes.
The leaders of the country, in particular, are called upon to recognize the burden of responsibility on their shoulders and to leave no stone unturned in the quest to extricate Zimbabwe from its present predicaments.
In this endeavor, the people of Zimbabwe are deserving of international support. Indonesia wishes to acknowledge and reaffirm our supports to the pivotal role being played in promoting political reconciliation among the political parties by SADC, the facilitator of the intra-Zimbabwe dialogue, H.E. Mr. Thabo Mbeki, the President of South Africa, and the African Union. Indeed, the recently concluded African Union Summit at Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt, was unequivocal in its support for dialogue and reconciliation. We commend also the continued mediation efforts by the Secretary-General.
The Security Council, in synergy with such regional efforts, must also support the people of Zimbabwe in tackling the challenges before them. Promotion of peace, stability, reconciliation and democracy should guide our endeavor. In this, we cannot emphasize enough the importance of the Council working together with the SADC and African Union.
We wish also to emphasize the need for Council unity and sense of common purpose in addressing this issue. The Security Council has proved able to speak with one voice through its Presidential Statement of 23 June 2008. It is preferable from our point of view that all Council decisions on this matter should be placed in the same spirit. This we must nurture and sustain.
We therefore deeply regret that the time allocated to discuss the draft has not been sufficient and the flexibility has not yet been fully exercised for all members of the Council to fully engage in trying to reach a compromise on this matter.
In our view, any Security Council action must pass two key tests: First, it must serve to promote dialogue and reconciliation in Zimbabwe; in other words, it must provide encouragement and incentive to the political leaders of the country to set aside their differences and place the interest of the nation above anything else. Second, it must be in synergy with, and build on, regional efforts to address the issue.
In short, the Security Council must exert positive influence. It should contribute to establishing a sufficient space, a necessary conducive atmosphere, to allow dialogue to take place and to succeed. Its members are required to diligently ensure that the measures the Council is contemplating would, in fact, promote solutions. At this juncture, my delegation has doubts whether the measures contained in the draft resolution would promote dialogue among the parties concerned.
In this regard, we are of the view that applying sanctions at this particular stage will not encourage all parties to the conflict to promote dialogue among themselves. Invoking sanctions will also jeopardize on-going mediation efforts by regional organizations and neighboring countries.
For those pertinent reasons, Mr. President, my delegation will vote abstention on the draft resolution.
In doing so, our delegation is also looking for the future. There is a need to maintain the prospect of a united Security Council in addressing this important matter.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
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