H.E. DR. R.M. MARTY M. NATALEGAWA
PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA
TO THE UNITED NATIONS
ON IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NOTE BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL (S/2006/507)
27 AUGUST 2008
As a country which has consistently advocated reform of the working methods of the Security Council, Indonesia strongly supports the convening of the present debate. We welcome, in particular, the open nature of the debate, thereby benefiting from the views of the wider membership of the United Nations.
We appreciate very much the statement by the Secretary-General; reflecting the importance he attaches to the subject we are considering today.
Indonesia associates itself with the statement to be delivered by the representative of Cuba, on behalf on the Non-Aligned Movement.
My delegation attaches great weight to the measures identified in Presidential Note S/2006/507.
It is our belief that a systematic and concerted application of such measures would, indeed, help promote the Council’s transparency, interaction with non-Council members and efficiency.
My delegation is, therefore, encouraged to note that the two years since the Note’s issuance has seen some progress in its implementation.
While welcoming this development, Indonesia also identifies room for further progress.
It is our conviction that the objectives of greater transparency, interaction with non-Council members and efficiency, are compatible. Indeed, they are quite inseparable from efforts to further enhance the legitimacy of the Council’s decisions and their effectiveness.
Transparency has recently been promoted.
Monthly programme of work and forecast have been made available. The UN Journal announces both formal and informal consultations of the Council, and to a degree, the meetings of the subsidiary organs. Not least, we have seen efforts to give renewed impetus to open meetings.
However, not infrequently, the monthly programme of work and forecast of the Council bear little resemblance to the actual work of the Council in a given month. Unforeseen crisis invariably seize the Council’s attention. Meetings, formal as well as informal consultations, are convened at short notice. It is incumbent that the Council recognizes that this is increasingly becoming the norm, rather than the exception. Thus, it would be pertinent for the Council to further develop an information dissemination system which responds to the dynamism of a fast evolving situation, and yet comprehensive and inclusive in its reach, to ensure that the wider membership of the United Nations are informed in a timely and accurate manner of the Council’s activities.
Reflecting another facet of transparency, we welcome the increased resort to open, formal meetings.
In order to increase transparency, especially at an early stage of consideration of an issue, the Council should strive for open meetings.
Indeed, unless there are strong irrefutable arguments to the contrary, we believe that reports by the Secretary General, already published and available to member states, should be presented and considered at open meetings of the Security Council. It would be advantageous for the Council to also hear the views of interested member states at this stage. Consideration of any follow up action by the Council may take place at its subsequent informal consultations.
However, care needs to be exercised in evaluating the significance of the reported increased resort to formal meetings.
We must ensure, for example, that the potential contributions of such formal meetings are fully harvested. The views of the wider membership deserve full consideration. However, not infrequently, Presidential Statements are issued immediately after open debates and resolutions adopted before the views of the concerned countries are fully heard. The Council should allow sufficient time in order to incorporate the valuable inputs from concerned member states.
Also, we must be cognizant of the possibility that, as resort to formal meetings becomes more common, there may be tendency for substantive consideration of Council decisions to take place outside not only of the formal meetings, but also the consultation of the whole, through such processes as groups of friends.
The latter, Mr. President, brings us to the question of greater interaction with non-Council members.
We support the efforts of the Council to consult with the wider membership of the United Nations and other relevant stakeholders, particularly when drafting resolutions, presidential statements and press statements.
We believe such interaction has the potential not only to enhance the quality of the Council’s decisions, but also, equally important, engender a sense of common ownership in them, thereby strengthening the prospects for their effective implementation.
As a country which strongly espouses greater cooperation between the United Nations and regional organizations, Indonesia naturally attaches particular importance on ways and means to facilitate interaction between them.
In line with Security Council resolution 1631 of 2005 and the World Summit Outcome, the Security Council has on some occasions conducted enhanced consultation and cooperation with regional and sub-regional organizations, as well as G77, NAM, and other groupings, to speak on specific subjects in its open debates.
Investment in such interaction would help enhance the wealth of information, insights and spectrum of perspectives which guide the Council’s deliberation and decisions; and also promote synergy between the Council’s efforts and those of regional organizations.
Of particular significance is the promotion of interaction between the Security Council and TCC; not only in the drawing up of mandates, but also in their implementation and when situation on the ground demand.
In short, more interaction between the Security Council and the wider membership of the United Nations should be promoted.
A footnote, however, may be needed.
It is important that such interaction be inclusive in nature, involving each member of the Council, consistent in its application, reflecting the Council’s readiness to engage with parties that may contribute to its decision making, and transparent.
Taken to extreme, we have concerns with situations whereby discussion on draft resolutions and statements are carried out outside Council, leaving less than optimum opportunity for their deliberation within the Council proper.
No doubt, we are all for the promotion of efficiency in the Council’s working methods. In this connection, Indonesia wishes to acknowledge the important steps the Secretariat has taken in carrying out several of the recommendations identified in Presidential Note 507.
Some concluding thoughts, Mr. President.
Form follows function. We believe that in considering the various facets of the Council working methods, including the possible format of Council meetings, that we not lose sight of the underlying objectives or aims of the foreseen activity.
Consolidation and further progress. We believe it important that progress already made in the implementation of Presidential Note 507 be consolidated and that renewed and concerted efforts be made where progress are yet to be made.
As a matter of principle, Indonesia shall consistently place premium on working methods that promote transparency and greater interaction of the Council with the wider member states. Not least, it shall consistently place premium on working methods which offer the best chance for the Council to speak with one common voice in carrying out its Charter-mandated responsibilities.
It is imperative that the Council is transparent, as well as equitable and just, in its approach towards all threats and disputes that imperil global peace and stability. A Council safeguarding the interests of all; whose decisions and actions are in full consonance with the established principles of international law and UN Charter.
I thank you.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
325 East 38th Street, New York, NY, 10016, USA
Tel: 1.212.972.8333, Fax: 1.212.972.9780 - www.indonesiamission-ny.org