Indonesia Ratifies the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), Helps the World Move Closer to End of Nuclear Weapons Testing
Indonesia ratified the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), when the country’s House of Representatives passed legislation officially endorsing the Treaty on Tuesday, 6 December 2011.
The CTBT bans all nuclear explosions in all environments for military or civilian purposes.
The States Parties to the Treaty already have in place a verification regime consisting of three pillars: an International Monitoring System, an International Data Centre and On-site Inspections. Through this regime, the States Parties are able to monitor nuclear explosions and compliance with the Treaty.
By ratifying the Treaty, Indonesia strongly demonstrated its commitment to a world free of nuclear weapons and increased the ranks of states that have ratified the Treaty to 156.
For the CTBT to come into force, it now needs to be ratified by only eight more Annex II countries in order to come into force. These are countries, which, like Indonesia, participated in the CTBT negotiations from 1994 to 1996 and had nuclear power and research reactors at that time.
Indonesia has always vigorously supported the CTBT and was among the first to sign when the Treaty was opened for signature on 24 September 1996. However, as a matter of principle, it deferred the process of its ratificationon the principle that States that possessed nuclear weaponsshould commit to the Treaty ahead of anyone else.
In the light of recent events indicating that the cause of disarmament could now move forward more expeditiously, Indonesia has concluded that it can hasten the Treaty’s entry into force by ratifying the Treaty, thereby encouraging the eight remaining Annex II countries to follow suit.
To Indonesia today, the position of principle to defer the ratification process has served its purpose.
Thus at the opening of the 2010 Review Conference of the Parties to the Non-proliferation Treaty, Foreign Minister Marty Natalegawa announced the decision of the Indonesian Government to launch the process of ratifying the CTBT and on 6 December 2011, Indonesia’s House of Representatives passed the necessary legislation for the ratification of the Treaty.
New York,December 2011
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