H.E. Hasan Kleib
Charge d’Affaires/Deputy Permanent Representative of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations
At the General Assembly
On Agenda Item 63 (a) and (b) : New Partnership for Africa’s Development: Progress in Implementation and International Support; Causes of Conflict and the Promotion of Durable Peace and Sustainable Development in Africa
New York, 20 October 2009
It is an honor for me to be speaking on this important agenda item. Indonesia has a historic link with the African Continent through the Asia-Africa Bandung Conference of 1955. We therefore welcome the opportunity for the international community to lend its support to the development efforts of the region as embodied in the NEPAD.
I thank the Secretary-General for the progress reports on the implementation of NEPAD and the causes of conflict and promotion of durable peace and sustainable development in Africa.
Indonesia associates with the statement made by Sudan on behalf of the Group of 77 and China and ASEAN represented by Thailand on agenda item 65: New Partnership for Africa’s Development – progress in implementation and international support.
The Secretary-General’s report contained in document A/64/204 and 208 point to several significant developments under NEPAD. The important progress on several fronts speaks to the unswerving commitment of African leaders to ensure that the African priorities are defined and truly owned by Africa.
Yet, undeniably just as with other developing regions, there are emerging and persistent challenges that Africa faces.
First, while Africa was far from the epicenter of the economic and financial crisis, the impacts have certainly added to the ongoing financial impediments that the continent confronts.
Second, food security in Africa continues to lag behind. The food crisis in 2008 drove more people in Africa into poverty. In the meantime, Africa’s population continues to rise.
Third, climate change which is expected to cause prolonged seasons of drought is expected to seriously impact the availability of food.
The combination of these challenges together with other development challenges has slowed Africa’s momentum towards the internationally agreed development goals including the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
Urgent and bold policy measures with short and long term objectives that recognize the interlinked nature of the three crises can contribute to regaining and accelerating momentum towards the IADGs and MDGs in Africa.
In this context, the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme is an important initiative that should be fully supported given its important aim of launching a new Green Revolution in Africa.
Furthermore, reaching critical momentum towards the IADGs and MDGs also requires effective adaptation to climate change in order to avoid the adverse impact of climate change. Yet, Africa and other developing countries lack adaptive capacity for climate change. My delegation therefore urges the completion of an ambitious agreement on adaptation bloc in Copenhagen.
Permit me to make some brief remarks on agenda item 65 b – causes of conflicts and the promotion of durable peace and sustainable development in Africa. We note from the Secretary-General’s Report contained in document A/64/210 the steady progress in promoting peace in Africa.
Given the advantages that African regional and sub-regional organizations possess in influencing the prevention and resolution of conflicts, the United Nations should enhance their capacity for capacity building, preventive diplomacy and peacemaking.
Out of our shared and long standing history with the peoples of Africa, Indonesia renewed its commitment to strengthen cooperation at the 2005 Asia-Africa Summit.
The Summit gave rise to the New Asia-Africa Strategic Partnership (NAASP) whose implementation is centered on the pillars of political solidarity, economic cooperation and socio-cultural relations.
To further the two regions commitment, a recent meeting held in Indonesia on 12 October adopted the Jakarta Statement on the New Asian-African Partnership. The document is a further measure to strengthen and solidify the cooperation between the two regions through the implementation of concrete activities and programs in the NAASP framework.
Indonesia also looks forward to the Second Asia-Africa Summit that will be held in South Africa next year, which represents a vital milestone for the two regions.
Through these series of events, we hope to fully and effectively implement the eight areas of cooperation under the NAASP namely food security, energy security, tourism, small and medium enterprises, counter-terrorism, combating transnational organized crimes, Asian-African Development University Network (AADUN), and gender equality and women empowerment.
Likewise, Indonesia as the host of the NAM Training Center has also been promoting and enhancing capacity building in the same areas of the NAASP as well as other areas such as health, disaster management and risk reduction. We further encourage the use of the NAM Center as a means to strengthen and promote closer cooperation between the regions of Asia and Africa.
Through NEPAD, Africa has taken bold steps to determine and take full control of its destiny. Africa has taken important measures and the international community needs to fully support its homegrown efforts.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
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