H.E. Hasan Kleib
Permanent Representative of the Republic of Indonesia
on behalf of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
General Debate of the Second Committee
of the 65th Session of the General Assembly
New York, 4 October 2010
Speaking on behalf of ASEAN – namely Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam - Allow me to first of all congratulate you in your election as Chairperson for the second committee and to extend congratulations to other members of the bureau.
Let me also express our alignment with the distinguished representative of Yemen speaking on behalf of the Group of 77 and China.
Last year we began the debate of the second committee in the midst of the worst financial storm since the 1930’s.
The worst part of the financial crisis may be already behind us. However, the lingering effects remain with us. And the recovery process has varied among countries. This year, economic growth in industrialized countries is expected to reach 1-2%, and developing countries on average are expected to reach 6-8%.
We strongly believe that regional self-help initiatives are indispensable to strengthen the global financial and economic architecture. ASEAN efforts under the framework of ASEAN+3, Chiang Mai Initiative (CMI) and the recent Chiang Mai Initiative Multilateralisation (CMIM) are part of the building blocks for a global solution and can ensure an early global recovery.
Despite the promising growth for developing countries, we in ASEAN are well aware that the road to recovery is still long and slow.
It is highly relevant in this regard that the second committee continue to focus on ways that can contribute to the recovery process.
The theme designated by the PGA for this session – “Reaffirming the central role of the UN in global governance” - therefore also comes at a timely juncture. For the UN to fulfil its role in global governance, it is essential that all Member States commit to UN processes, to multilateralism and its underlying values.
Having said that, while we face a tough international environment, we must remain seized of our task to combat the persistent challenges posed by poverty.
The outcome of last month’s Millennium Development Goals Summit was encouraging.
If there was a common message that reverberated at the Summit, it was that the MDGs are too important to miss.
The Summit outcome document has provided a solid foundation to accelerate progress on the eight MDGs, all of which are relevant to sustained economic growth.
ASEAN is likewise encouraged that the key issues that were part of the preparatory discussions have been reflected in the outcome document, among others:
The need for a successful Doha trade round outcome. Reaffirmation of the centrality of the Monterrey Consensus, and exploration of innovative financing.
Food and energy security. The promotion of sustained, inclusive and equitable economic growth, sustainable development as well as pursuing environmental sustainability.
Strengthening global partnership through among others providing financial resources and promoting the development and dissemination of technology and transfer of technology.
From our own experiences, filling the development gap between countries is an imperative. Through sub-regional, regional and global collaborations, countries can assist one another to achieve these goals.
In this regard, regional connectivity in terms of trade and investment as well as infrastructure and ICT development could subsequently bridge this development gap within and between countries.
The integral part of the MDGs debate lies at the heart of ‘partnerships.’ ASEAN recognizes the important roles of multi-stakeholders ranging from governments, private sector, academia, civil society to Official Development Assistance. Partnerships should strengthen diverse needs namely capacity and human resources development, building regional connectivity and mobilizing financial resources.
The commitments made by the wide spectrum of partners during the MDGs Summit were a clear sign that we all remain committed to the goals even in these challenging times.
We must stay engaged. Or we fail humanity. And that is simply not an option.
And this should be the focus of Second Committee work this year up until 2015.
Part of the review on the MDGs last month was the issue of sustainable development.
While sustainable development has been an accepted approach, the asymmetries between the three pillars are very stark.
The asymmetries have played out in many ways one of them being the multifaceted crises in the past years. Environmental sustainability has been one of the most fragmented in its progress.
It is therefore important that we reinvigorate our commitment on sustainable development. The convening of Rio+20 is therefore timely. We need to truly and fully realize our commitments in the Rio Declaration, the MDGs, and the JPOI, which are the underpinning multilateral frameworks for achieving sustainable development
Yet, we should also be open to explore new growth poles to spur action on the existing multilateral frameworks. Ultimately we want to achieve sustainable growth without reducing the economic ability to generate jobs and reduce poverty.
Green growth is one of the potential avenues to achieve those objectives. The decision to adopt the theme of green economy for the 2012 UN Conference on Sustainable Development is particularly fitting.
We also urge for concrete outcome and action oriented at COP-16 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Cancun, Mexico; and the adoption of International Protocol of Access and Benefit Sharing of Genetic Resources at COP-10 of the Convention on Biological Diversity in Nagoya, Japan.
ASEAN is committed to making the United Nations a more effective organization that will continue to underpin the multilateral system. Here, in the Second Committee ASEAN is committed to working with other Member States to implement the economic vision of the United Nations Charter.
We also welcome the Bureau’s efforts to improve the work of the Second Committee, which is important in ensuring that our work remains relevant. Like any organization, we need to ensure that our house is in order for us to work effectively and efficiently or the UN will face the danger of being marginalized.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
325 East 38th Street, New York, NY, 10016, USA
Tel: 1.212.972.8333, Fax: 1.212.972.9780 - www.indonesiamission-ny.org