H.E. Mr. Hasan Kleib
Permanent Representative of the Republic of Indonesia
on behalf of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
at the 30th Plenary Meeting of the 65th session of the General Assembly
on Agenda Item 62 (a) : “New Partnership for Africa’s Development Needs: Progress in implementation and international support”
New York, 14 October 2010
I have the honor and privilege to address the General Assembly on behalf of ten ASEAN states – namely Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Viet Nam.
ASEAN aligns with the statement delivered by the representative of Yemen speaking on behalf of the Group of 77 and China.
ASEAN wishes to thank the Secretary-General for his insight and comprehensive reports contained in document A/65/152; A/65/165; A/65/167 on the Agenda item 63 (a) entitled “the New Partnership for Africa’s Development: progress in implementation and international support”.
ASEAN attaches great importance to the friendship and cooperation with Africa. Through the decades, the relationships among ASEAN and African countries have been consolidated and enhanced in the spirit of solidarity, close cooperation, and mutual respect. Through cooperation, both continents have experienced significant changes and development for the benefit of its peoples.
ASEAN strongly supports the implementation of NEPAD and considers it an important tool to address poverty and underdevelopment throughout the African continent. NEPAD has provided a collective vision and a strategic socio-economic development framework for Africa. It is a homegrown effort of the African continent to implement a comprehensive and holistic approach to development.
ASEAN welcomes the significant progress made by the efforts of African peoples and leaders toward some sectoral priorities of NEPAD and the Millennium Development Goals, such as education, health, infrastructure, and agriculture. Such progress shows the determination of Africa to promote sustainable growth and achieve the MDGs, even in the face of tremendous challenges. It has certainly helped to change the image of Africa. Despite the valiant efforts, however, the hard-won progress has still not reached expected levels. Africa’s efforts should be continuously encouraged and supported.
As emphasized in the Secretary-General’s reports, most African countries face serious challenges in reaching the MDGs, particularly in the current fragile and uncertain global economic recovery. ASEAN acknowledges that much needs to be done in support of Africa’s implementation on NEPAD and MDGs. Continued attention and assistance for Africa should remain a focus of international development action plans and programs.
In this regard, ASEAN reaffirms its commitment to strengthen its cooperation and collaboration with Africa. We are ready to enhance the relationship and partnership with Africa for the achievement of MDGs and sustainable development. We believe that through mutual support, sharing of experiences and best practices in socio-economic development, both ASEAN and Africa can achieve those objectives.
ASEAN has been doing its utmost to promote South-South Cooperation with African partners as a complement of North-South Cooperation in promoting trade, infrastructure, agriculture, food security, communication and health care in Africa. ASEAN has also been working hard to explore and implement concrete steps to ensure successes for both ASEAN and Africa. We believe that South-South Cooperation is the best strategy to promote an ASEAN and African Partnership. South-South Cooperation in key strategic areas such as the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) would significantly contribute to Africa’s development and integration, in terms of poverty and hunger eradication, agriculture and rural development, as well as mitigation and adaptation to climate change.
Within the context of scaling up efforts in implementing NEPAD and achieving the MDGs, Africa has a daunting task. It has to maintain peace, security and a politically stable environment. Meanwhile, there is also the important task of consolidating development strategies; strengthening leadership and ownership; enhancing capacity-development; mobilizing more resources at national and international levels and developing strategic partnerships. In this connection, the recent integration of NEPAD into the structures and processes of the African Union, and the establishment of the NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency (NPCA), makes a significant mark on NEPAD’s implementation. It is a good way to facilitate and improve the management and coordination of the implementation of Africa’s regional and continental priority programs and projects, promising better outcomes of the Africa’s development process.
However, NEPAD and NPCA need adequate human and financial resources to meet its objectives. Developed partners need to do more in response to their needs.
Meeting international commitments, especially on the essential issues include:
(i) To increase ODA flow to Africa, especially the promises by the G-8 at Gleneagles and Canada, to double aid to Africa by 2010, and to mobilize an additional fund of five billion dollars over the next five years for achieving the MDGs;
(ii) Facilitate foreign direct investment flow to Africa and improving investment climates, particularly investments in infrastructure, agriculture, rural development and food security;
(iii) Promote trade with Africa by implementing Aid for Trade programs and commitments. More efforts need to be made to reach an agreement on the Doha round of WTO trade negotiations, especially on agricultural market access and reduction of agricultural subsidies, which have profound implications for Africa.
Having said that ASEAN fully supports the conclusion and recommendations of the Secretary-General contained in his reports regarding proper ways and means to scale up the implementation of NEPAD, and build on the momentum of international support for Africa’s development. In addition, we also support the recommendation of establishing a review process as a monitoring mechanism of commitments to Africa’s development.
ASEAN welcomes every positive initiative to advance the common development agenda between ASEAN and Africa for the benefit of our peoples. We stand ready to strengthen cooperation, collaboration and solidarity with the international community, particularly with Africa to realize the internationally agreed development goals, including the MDGs. We are confident that Africa can carry out NEPAD for peace, security, prosperity and sustainable development of Africa and the world.
I thank you.
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