Delegation of the Republic of Indonesia
on behalf of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
on Agenda Item : Globalization and Interdependence
at the Second Committee of the 65th Session
of the UN General Assembly
New York, 20 October 2010
I speak on behalf of the ten member countries of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN). We align ourselves with the statement delivered by Yemen on behalf of the Group of 77 and China
ASEAN would like to thank the Secretary-General for the comprehensive and timely Reports on sub-items a, b, and c that provide an excellent basis for our discussions over the next few days.
Globalization has offered opportunities for sustained economic growth and sustainable development.
However, many challenges and difficulties for developing countries remain, affecting their response to those opportunities.
Due to limited capacity, developing countries have found it increasingly challenging to fully exercise domestic policies within the context of international disciplines, commitments and market considerations.
This leaves many developing countries in a vulnerable position, particularly in economic downturns such as the one we are experiencing now.
Consequently, because of the increasing interdependence of national economies, there has been an increasing need for cooperative collective action.
Thus, the entire agenda item on globalization and interdependence is of particular significance this year as the President of the General Assembly has chosen the issue of “the central role of the UN in global governance” as the theme for the 65th Session.
Sub-item (a) of Agenda Item 22 also speaks of the “Role of the United Nations in promoting development in the context of globalization and interdependence”. This important emphasis on the UN was further supplement by the Secretary General’s Report that speaks of “a rare opportunity for the international community to guide the world economy onto a path of more sustainable economic growth and recovery”, and of achieving this goal through an “inclusive multilateralism and the equitable participation of all countries.”
Given that we now have different intergovernmental processes that are attempting to address some of these very same issues of international trade and finance, foreign direct investment, technology, international economic governance, and environmental sustainability – the role of the United Nations must be supported and enhanced.
The conditions of inclusiveness, transparency and legitimacy can only presently be found within the United Nations by virtue of its broad membership and acknowledged expertise and authority in multilateral affairs.
ASEAN fully advocates the central role of the United Nations in all these multilateral discussions, even as it appreciates the opportunity to participate in more limited discussions involving systemically significant countries.ASEAN also supports efforts to promote open, inclusive and transparent discussions at the United Nations among all interested parties on global governance, such as the President of the General Assembly’s informal dialogue with the General Assembly, the Secretary-General of the UN and the Republic of Korea as host of the upcoming G20 Summit.
Sub-item (b) on “Preventing and combating corrupt practices and transfer of assets of illicit origin, in particular to the countries of origin, consistent with the UNCAC” remains to be of particular interest to ASEAN, as most of our anti-corruption agencies have committed to working together, through an existing Memorandum of Understanding that originally dates back to 2004, to enhance mutual sharing and capacity building in the region.
Positive economic performance within the ASEAN and its resilience in the face of the global economic and financial crisis can be partially attributed to the recognition that corruption has no place in a country’s development agenda.
Finally, on the last sub-item under this heading, ASEAN has initially pronounced itself on the issue of international migration and development through the ASEAN Declaration on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Migrant Workers issued at the 3rd ASEAN Forum on Migrant Labor held in Hanoi from 19 -21 July 2010.
With about 13.5 million migrant workers from ASEAN member states working in countries around the globe, including over 5 million of our citizens working within ASEAN, the ASEAN Declaration precisely recognized the contributions of migrants to the society and economy of both receiving and sending states. In this regard, there is thus a need for us to discuss the nexus between migration and development as broadly as possible.
We support the continuing exchanges of ideas through such processes as the Global Forum on Migration and Development (GFMD) that Mexico will be hosting on 8 – 11 November 2010, and at the Informal thematic debate on migration and development to be held in the United Nations General Assembly in 2011, as well as, during the Fourth ASEAN Forum on Migrant Labor that will be held in Indonesia in the second half of 2011.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
325 East 38th Street, New York, NY, 10016, USA
Tel: 1.212.972.8333, Fax: 1.212.972.9780 - www.indonesiamission-ny.org