H.E. Mr. Hasan Kleib
Permanent Representative of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations
on behalf of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN)
on Agenda Item 20: “Sustainable Development”
at the Second Committee
of the 65th Session of the UN General Assembly
New York, 1 November 2010
I have the honor to deliver this statement on behalf of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN). I align ASEAN’s statement with the Group of 77 and China.
I thank the Secretary-General for the set of reports pertaining to the agenda item on sustainable development.
As we launch the debate on sustainable development in the second committee, we are reminded by the discussions in the previous agenda items of the multiple challenges we face.
We take note that the global economic recovery is still underway. Yet, it shouldn’t be an exclusive process from the implementation of the principles of Agenda 21, the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPOI), and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).They should all function in a mutually reinforcing and synergistic manner.
Against the backdrop of the ever pressing need to achieve the globally agreed targets aimed at ending poverty and its associated factors, as well as the looming threat of climate change, the significance of sustainable development couldn’t be more pronounced than it is now.
If 2010 is to be the year of sustainable development as the Secretary-General urged earlier this year, we must make bold decisions and initiate concrete action to advance the existing sustainable development framework.
Now and the next five years will be a unique and historic moment to continue synergizing the three pillars of sustainable development.
While phasing out poverty, through the MDGs, a number of important cross-cutting events will take place to catalyse concrete action on sustainable development.
On biodiversity, we are encouraged at the successful conclusion of the tenth conference of parties (COP-10) of the Convention on Biological Diversity. The adoption of the protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS) was a landmark occasion to realize the long awaited Convention’s third objective – benefit-sharing. Likewise, with the adoption of the CBD’s strategic plan from 2011-2020, let us ensure that we decrease and prevent further loss of biodiversity.
On climate change, it is important to reach an agreement at COP16 of the UNFCCC in Cancun, Mexico this year, based on the 2007 Bali Action Plan, and Bali Road Map, and taking into account the Copenhagen Accord. It should strive for a legally binding agreement, particularly to limit the increase in average global temperature to below 2 degrees Celsius above the pre-industrial level. Continuing to take the lead should be developed countries, by making more ambitious commitments, and setting out specific and binding targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Developing countries adaptation efforts and nationally appropriate mitigation actions should be supported with adequate, predictable and sustainable financial resources, transfer of technology, as well as capacity enhancement.
An important event, which was undertaken in September, was the five year review of the implementation of the Mauritius Strategy for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States (SIDS). Despite their limited resources and geographic dispersion, SIDS has made great strides in advancing the Mauritius Strategy. The SIDS should be given more technical and financial support to address the unique challenges they are facing. Financial assistance should flow on a predictable basis.
The commemoration of the International Year of Forests in 2011, will be an important event to galvanize momentum to reduce the rate of deforestation. It will also be a momentous occasion to address the link between forests with climate change and biodiversity loss.
In terms of the International Decade for Action, “Water for Life”, 2005-2015, it has been an important platform to address the water resource challenges we face. The rising population and increasing industrial and agricultural activities will continue to exert pressure on water resources. It is therefore important to emphasize sustainability of water resources. We need to ensure equitable access. Let us further cooperation on water quality.And let us work together to provide sufficient water quantity to meet the needs of our people.
After implementing the current growth and development models, numerous insights have been gained. Through the lessons learned over time, we can begin to explore new growth poles to more effectively realize the balanced growth envisioned in sustainable development.
The 2012 UN Conference on Sustainable Development, to be held in Brazil, will be an opportune time to reassess sustainable development and pave the way for groundbreaking approaches.
Bearing that in mind, it is particularly timely to adopt the green economy as the theme for the Conference. However, there is a need for its further elaboration, in the context of sustainable development and poverty alleviation. We also recognize the discussions on improving international environmental governance (IEG) under UNEP. As inputs for the 2012 Conference, we therefore call on UNEP to provide inputs on the green economy and to further its work on IEG.
In conclusion Madam Chair,
ASEAN will continue to push for a successful deliberation on this important agenda. As we put that the emphasis of sustainable development is the well-being of individual human beings in relation to themselves and the environment, the recently adopted resolution on mother earth has provided us with a new perspective. It gives a philosophical and moral perspective of our roots with nature, which only enriches and benefits the sustainable development paradigm in the long term.
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