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Suggested elements of intervention


Ministerial Breakfast: “Increase Peace through Mediation”,
hosted by MFA of Turkey and MFA of Finland
20 September 2011
  1. Thank Turkey and Finland and express support for their initiative of convening this breakfast meeting of Friends of Mediation.

  2. Highlight the centrality of mediation as a tool for the maintenance of international peace and security, and for the promotion of development.

  3. Commend the United Nations for being one of the largest practitioners of mediation, through, among others: UN envoys, special representatives and political missions. These have defused various crises and brokered many negotiated settlements. 

  4. Pay tribute to the President of the General Assembly for making mediation the theme for the 66th session of the UNGA.

  5. Emphasize the need for the Friends of Mediation to continue advancing discussions on this issue beyond the High-level General Debate.

  6. Stress that the General Assembly should play a central role in mediation. Also point out that regional organizations carry local content and usually have special bonds of history and culture with the parties in conflict. These factors increase their chances of success at mediation.

  7. Share Indonesia’s vast experience in mediation: the role of Indonesia in the late 1980s in the peace process in Cambodia; in the early to middle 1990s peace negotiations between the Philippine Government and the MNLF; in managing potential conflict in the South China Sea through an informal workshop process; and in creating an atmosphere conducive to peaceful settlement of the current border dispute between Cambodia and Thailand.

  8. Point out that Indonesia and the rest of the ASEAN family have adopted a Charter that stipulates the peaceful settlement of disputes.

  9. Share our experiences from which we have learned the following important lessons on mediation:
    1. There is no one size fits all approach to mediation. Each situation is unique, and each society has different ways of achieving equity and justice as well as reconciling differences.

    2. There is a need to build trust and ensure that the disputed parties are willing and committed to go through mediation to settle their dispute.

    3. Mediation can work only when it is allowed and given space to evolve. The core process of mediation needs to be away from the spotlight of media. Successful mediation often begins without ceremony and formalities. Indeed, informality and a candid approach build confidence among parties.

    4. The role of women and the youth in the peace process should be
      maximized, since these sectors of society have the highest stake in a peaceful future and they therefore have a strong voice for peace.

  10. Highlight the need for building partnerships among stakeholders in the context of mediation. Also emphasize the need for greater and sustained support for the development of mediation and peacemaking capacities locally, nationally, and regionally, in particular where conflict is occurring or is at the risk of ensuing.
I thank you

Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
325 East 38th Street, New York, NY, 10016, USA
Tel: 1.212.972.8333,   Fax: 1.212.972.9780   -


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