H.E. Mr. Hasan Kleib
Chargé d’Affaires ad interim
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia
to the United Nations,
"Situation in the Middle East"
New York, 27 January 2010
Let me begin by extending the appreciation of my delegation to you and the members of the Council for convening this open debate. This opportunity provides for the general membership of the United Nations to express again its views on such an important issue.
We wish to thank Assistant Secretary-General, Mr. Oscar Fernandez-Taranco, for his briefing.
My delegation wishes to associate itself with the statement delivered by the Representative of Egypt on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement and by the Representative of Syria on behalf of the OIC.
It is now one year since the Israeli military incursion in the Gaza Strip. My delegation reiterates its endorsement of the report of the UN Fact Finding Mission led by Justice Goldstone. In this regard, Indonesia looks forward to the follow-up of the adoption of the General Assembly Resolution 64/10 of 5 November 2009.
There is no doubt, Mr. President, that Israel’s excessive and disproportionate use of force and its policy of collective punishment are crimes against all we stand for. The values of humanity, the values of respecting the sanctity of the Charter. A clear violation of international law and international humanitarian law. Such a sad and depressing circumstance when we, communities of democracies, communities of nations are forced to act as bystanders.
The list of suffering of the Palestinian people caused by the Israeli action is long and continues to grow by days, by weeks, and by years. To be exact, more than sixty long years.
The irony of this issue is that the Council has abundance of patience in taking its time in solving this very important question. Yet, when it comes to some other issues, it lacks patience and endurance. It acts decisively with vigor. And, we highly commend this act of impatience by the Council.
We certainly wish this impatience can be imposed on this Palestine issue.
While recognizing the multi-faceted nature of the Middle East conflict, let me highlight briefly two of the many core issues.
First.The humanitarian situation in the Gaza Strip has continued to deteriorate since the end of the Israeli military incursion. The situation is pathetic because it is man-made. For years, Palestinians have deliberately been shut away from true recovery, true economic growth to reach their potential.
The humanitarian sufferings caused by the illegal blockade and the closure of the Gaza crossings by the Israeli authorities are well chronicled and unacceptable. Indonesia therefore joins other countries and the Secretary General in calling on Israel to end its policies of mayhem and fully respect international law.
Second.Israel’s settlement policies and practices, which have been aimed at altering the demographic composition, physical character and status of the Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, are nothing but a blatant violation of international law. As the Israeli occupation of the Palestinian territories continues, and its settlers keep encroaching further into the territories, Palestinians watch with horror as their land claims disintegrate before their eyes, and thus, making a viable Palestinian state very difficult.
Israel must stop all settlement construction, expansion and planning in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and dismantle the settlements built therein, in compliance with relevant Security Council resolutions. The settlement issue is the greatest obstacle to the peace process.
The conflict in the Middle East has indeed been ensuing for far too long. The Israeli illegal occupation since 1967 has made the region a theater of tension and violence.
For many years, Indonesia has joined the international community to draw attention to the consequences of Israel’s continued illegal activity in occupied Arab territories.
We therefore support the current surge in diplomacy aimed at re-launching negotiations and jumpstarting a comprehensive peace process, including the ongoing efforts of the United States.
We also recognize the role of the Quartet in the promotion of solutions to the conflict in the Middle East. And not least, we have been persistent in recognizing the contribution of countries in the region and the League of Arab States to the Middle East peace efforts, including through the Arab Peace Initiative.
Unfortunately, Mr. President, the Security Council’s own record on the issue has been less than sterling.
The Council needs to signal that it is shouldering its Charter mandated responsibilities.
The Security Council must and, indeed, can exert a positive influence on the Middle East peace process.
A truly comprehensive and lasting peace in the Middle East requires a solution not only to the conflict between Israel and Palestine, but also on the Israel-Lebanon and Israel-Syria tracks. My delegation therefore wishes to once again express its deep concern about Israel’s on-going land and air violations of Lebanon’s sovereignty in violation of Security Council resolution 1701. We call on Israel to withdraw fully from the remaining Lebanese occupied land. We wish to make a similar call for Israel’s withdrawal from occupied Syrian Golan in implementation of Security Council 242 and 338.
Finally, Mr. President, let me reiterate thatthe commitment of Indonesia to an independent, viable and democratic Palestine—living side-by-side in peace and security with its neighbours—is absolute.
A just, comprehensive, and lasting peace in the Middle East, based on relevant resolutions of the Council, must prevail. We fervently hope that the year 2010 will be the year that the international community will fulfill its obligation to the Palestinian people, and the year of remarkable progress and transformation in the history of the Middle East.
Thank you, Mr. President.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
325 East 38th Street, New York, NY, 10016, USA
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