H.E. Ambassador Hasan Kleib
Chargé d’Affaires ad interim
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia
to the United Nations
Third Meeting - Fifth Round
of Intergovernmental Negotiations on the
Question of equitable representation on and increase in the membership of the Security Council and related matters
Informal Plenary of General Assembly
New York, 16 June 2010
Let me first join previous speakers in thanking you for convening this third meeting of the fifth round.
As you requested, Mr. Chairman, for today’s meeting, my delegation’s intervention will focus on the key issue of “size of an enlarged Council and working methods”, as contained in the negotiation text.
In order to reflect an equitable geographical distribution, as well as the plurality of the world in the Council, Indonesia appreciates the merit in increasing the Council’s membership to 26 with the understanding that Asia and Africa, considering the number of states in those regions, are each allocated at least four additional seats.
By having an equitable geographical representation and representation from more developing countries, the Council’s credibility will enhance. This increased size will help to reconcile the concerns of those who would like the Council to be more representative.
The negotiation text states in paragraphs 4.1, 4.5, 4.13, 4.14, and 4.15 that the enlarged size of the Council should not be less than 26 countries. However, none of the paragraphs clearly categorize that in the increase to 26 certain large numbers should be devoted to Asia and Africa. Therefore, we wish that the next revised negotiation draft would clearly reflect our proposal that for meeting the needs for international equity and balanced representation, Asia and Africa should each be allocated at least four additional seats.
We are aware of the positions of some delegations, which argue that a resized Council of 26 might decrease Council’s effectiveness to act. Indonesia firmly believes that the effectiveness of the Council to confront the crises is not based on the Council’s size. Factual situations have shown that ineffectiveness or the failure of the Council to act is due to the use or threat of use of veto by Permanent Members, and lack of political will.
Turning to the issue of working methods, paragraphs 4.20 to 4.41 of negotiation text have captured the salient points of the need to improve the working methods of the Council, and to make them more responsive and accessible for the states, especially those whose interests may be directly affected by the cases under consideration of the Council.
The paragraphs have spelled out the importance of the implementation of Articles 31 and 32 of the UN Charter, and highlighted the need for the affected non-members to have access to subsidiary organs of the Council, including the right to participate and give substantial inputs. The text paragraphs have mentioned making available to the non-Council members, draft resolutions and presidential statements as well. They have also vitally stated the importance of holding regular and timely consultations with troop contributing countries, and financial contributors, as well as other countries that are directly concerned or affected by a peacekeeping operation before and during the decision-making process. These are all very useful submissions.
Indeed, as a general rule, we fully support that the Security Council should meet in a public forum, which is open to all member states.
Finally, Mr. Chairman,
As a suggestion for you in preparing the revised negotiation text, it might be that the paragraphs of the text could be clustered on the basis of the ideas contained in them, rather than on the basis as to which country or group of countries give the proposals. Footnotes indicating countries, which give the inputs indeed could still be retained.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
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