H. E. Mr. Hasan Kleib
of the Republic of Indonesia
to the United Nations
Before the Security Council
the Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict
New York, 22 November 2010
Let me begin by joining previous speakers in extending our appreciation to you for convening this open debate.
We thank the Secretary General for his report. We are also grateful to the Under Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs, the Under-Secretary General for Peacekeeping Operations, and the High Commissioner for Human Rights, as well as the Director General of ICRC, for their respective briefings.
My delegation also wishes to associate itself with the statement delivered by the representative of Egypt on behalf of the Non Aligned Movement.
Notwithstanding the pronounced focus on the protection of civilians in armed conflicts over the past decade, the deplorable fact remains: civilians continue to fall victims of violence.
Persistent violations occur that includedeliberate targeting on civilians, the indiscriminate and excessive use of force, sexual and gender based violence, attacks against relief workers and humanitarian aid convoys; in violation of international law, human rights law and refugee law.
We, member states of the United Nations, are however adamant in respecting and promoting the core principles of the august body. Human life and human dignity must be at the forefront of our consideration. Be that in time of peace, and most importantly in time of war. This is the core aim of the United Nations.
This has led us evoking and building an elaborate architecture of protection of civilians. This, in turn, has laid the foundation for further proliferation of initiatives and measures at the regional and global level.
Allow me, Mr. President, to express three points on the first report that stemmed from Resolution 1894 of 2009:
First. The Council’s framework requires a comprehensive approach that embodies the three pillars of the United Nations. Human rights, development, and security. The report made a strong case on the link among human rights, humanitarian relief, and security efforts. However, there is little mention of development efforts in the report. We can argue that development is not within the purview of the Council. But, so are human rights and humanitarian issues. They are not strictly speaking within the mandate of the Security Council. Thus, we wish to see a consistencyin applying the three pillars as mentioned earlier, and therefore hope that the next report will also highlight this aspect of development.
We, member of the UN, must have the complete picture on the ground.
Capacity building to resolve and deter possible conflicts are an important part of the normative framework to protect civilians. For this reason, we support the recommendation of the report for increasing funding for humanitarian and development actors in the context of the drawdown of UN peacekeeping and other relevant operations.
Second. Peacekeepers need to be provided with the required resources to fulfill their mandated tasks. A well-defined benchmark, for the ratio of peacekeepers to civilians, should be provided by the UN in the assigned areas of deployment. And, there is a need to provide peacekeeping missions with appropriate guidelines on protection of civilians.
We need to continue this dialogue across regions.
In line with paragraph 34 of 1894 on consultation and cooperation across the regions, we in collaboration with the Government of Norway recently organised a Regional Workshop on International Humanitarian Law and the Protection of Civiliansin Jakarta.It was the first of a series of regional workshops, with two others planned for 2011, one in Africa and the other in Latin-America. The aim was to enhance understanding of the application of international humanitarian laws in the light of our contemporary challenges.
Third. The Geneva conventions are the underpinnings of international humanitarian laws. The report alluded to cases where the work of humanitarian relief is impeded. This has led to mounting demand that Member States must be made accountable. We note this approach. But, accountability will fail to bear its fruit without ensuring that Member States have the capacity to deliver their responsibility. Such capacity can be delivered through international cooperation. This is the logic of cooperation and accountability.
States that have the capacity must be made accountable. The report clearly described that Israel has not fully lifted it’s the so called “bureaucratic restrictions” that continues to impede the implementation of a humanitarian response commensurate with the existing humanitarian need. Israel has the capacity to follow on its international obligations. Israel must therefore be held accountable.
We valuethe Security Council’s continued efforts to protect civilians in situations of armed conflict—in a way consistent with its Charter-mandated responsibilities. We believe that while the best protection from armed conflict is found in its prevention and resolution, in the absence of peace we must remain vigilant as to its impacts on the civilian population and must do our best to protect civilians and minimize human suffering and deaths.
Having said that, Mr. President, let me conclude by stressing that Indonesiavalues human rights. We value security. And, we also value development. This triangle of aims must be preserved and promoted so that we can continually honor civilians in armed conflict.
I thank you
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
325 East 38th Street, New York, NY, 10016, USA
Tel: 1.212.972.8333, Fax: 1.212.972.9780 - www.indonesiamission-ny.org