H.E. Ambassador Desra Percaya
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia
to the United Nations
Joint Debate on the Reports of the Peacebuilding Commission (A/68/729)
and the Peacebuilding Fund (A/68/722)
New York, March 26, 2014
I wish to thank you for organizing this meeting. I also would like to thank Ambassador Antonio de Aguiar Patriota, Chair of the Peacebuilding Commission (PBC), for his comprehensive statement. Allow me also to commend the work and commitment of previous Chair, who is also the new Vice Chair, Ambassador Vladimir Drobnjak and all the Chairpersons of the six country specific configurations, particulary Ambassador Mohammed Loulichki of Morocco as the new Chair for Central African Republic configuration.
My delegation would like to express its deep appreciation to ASG Judy Cheng-Hopkins, Head of PBSO, Kenneth Gluck, Deputy Head of PBSO, along with their entire team, for their hard work and strong commitment in supporting the mandate of PBC and administering the Peacebuilding Fund (PBF).
Indonesia associates itself with the statement earlier by Tunisia on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement Caucus of the PBC.
Taking forward recommendations from the 2010 review, particularly on the PBC functions of advocacy, sustained attention, resource mobilization and forging coherence, Indonesia is pleased to welcome the 2013 PBC Annual Report (A/68/729).
We note with appreciation the focus in the report on supporting PBC’s working methods, as well as addressing various areas that need further policy reflection.
As we know, the PBC was established as an advisory body but backed by the very potent UN convening capacity. While being recommendatory in nature, the PBC functions in the face of an understandable and ever-present desire from different quarters, not least the conflict-affected countries, to make a robust impact.
In addition to harnessing support for the particular conflict, recovery and reconstruction imperatives of the six countries, the Commission has over the years played a vital role to garner international attention on post-conflict peacebuilding, and tried to enable a more coherent effort among the relevant UN and non-UN actors.
However, various challenges remain. The inadequacy of financial and technical resources along with political support have been seen as among key reasons behind the Commission’s work not being visible clearly.
We must all intensify our contribution to help strengthen the PBC’s work.
Allow me to share some of Indonesia’s views on the future challenges and opportunities, as well as main elements that could contribute to the 2015 Peacebuilding Review, as follows:
First, while stressing the importance of nationally owned peacebuilding strategies, we underline the significance of continuity of efforts, based on the agenda and recommendations in previous PBC Annual Reports. Many good points are already identified, and the focus should be on their implementation. Indeed the effectiveness of PBC will continue to be determined by the results of its concrete actions.
In the context of the role of PBC membership with its unique structure, we concur that this is an area of strength, which the Commission has yet to fully capitalize to maximize impact.
There needs to be deepening of action-oriented interaction among Members, and the PBC should continue to encourage them to take up voluntary tasks based on their expertise in support of identified peacebuilding priorities by local population.
Second, it is crucial to ensure the coherence of peacekeeping and peacebuilding to prevent the relapse into conflict and build sustainable peace and development. The Security Council Resolution 2086 (2013) has underlined the link of multidimensional peacekeeping operations, and expressed willingness to make use of the advisory, advocacy and resource mobilization roles of the PBC in peacebuilding. We hope that the interface between the Security Council and PBC will also translate into greater synergy between peacekeeping and peacebuilding.
Third, resource mobilization remains pivotal. Indonesia has underlined a comprehensive approach on it where in addition to aid, other avenues of trade and investments are also fully utilized.
In this context, Indonesia had facilitated the PBC policy task on the role of private sector in peacebuilding in 2008. We are pleased that the Commission’s engagement with private sector to activate economic activity has heightened with numerous welcome initiatives in recent years. Yet there is room to better engage with private sector for peacebuilding.
Indonesia supports the efforts by PBC to prioritize activities on resource mobilization, including increased focus to support national efforts on raising resources.
As stated in the report, the role of the Commission does not lie in fundraising, but rather in broadening the base and securing the buy-in of traditional and new bilateral and multilateral donors in host countries.
Moreover, we believe that the enabling of needed civilian expertise both through and in partnership with the UN initiative of civilian capacity could produce greater impact in Commission’s work.
Fourth, the holding of first PBC Annual Session on June 23, 2014, as the main substantive and policy guiding forum, will be pertinent in improving the Commission’s working methods. The Session will also serve as an annual broad-based engagement by Member States, countries on the Agenda and other relevant stakeholders.
Indonesia is pleased to be involved, both in facilitating the modalities of the Annual Session and identifying and discussing overarching theme and sub-themes. We believe that resource mobilization, capacity building and lessons learned, as parts of the main theme, will pave the way for practical and concrete actions by the Commission.
As relevant government bodies in capitals normally conduct policy and decision making on peacebuilding initiatives, we encourage Member States to send their relevant capital-based senior officials to engage directly in the one day Annual Session in June. We expect that it will not be a “business as usual” exchange and fruitful discussion and decisions will be made during the Session.
The holding of PBC Annual Session, back to back with the PBF annual stakeholders meeting, will generate opportunities in enhancing relations and synergy between the work of PBC and PBF.
We are pleased that the Secretary General Report on PBF (A/68/722) shows a significant increase in 2013 with a total of USD 86.7 million, allocated to 14 countries, with an emphasis on the six PBC agenda countries.
Regarding the launching of a global review, we would like to underline close consultation with all relevant stakeholders in drafting the next business plan, and positioning the Fund effectively for the period 2014-2016. We support the aim of PBF to mobilize replenishment at its next annual stakeholders meeting, while taking into account the results of the 2013 PBF Review.
To conclude, we reiterate the key role by the PBC Organizational Committee along with regular intergovernmental dialogues, in providing policy guidance to PBF for enhancing its outcomes.
On its part, Indonesia will continue to contribute actively to help strengthen the work by the UN peacebuilding architecture.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
325 East 38th Street, New York, NY, 10016, USA
Tel: 1.212.972.8333, Fax: 1.212.972.9780 - www.indonesiamission-ny.org