H.E. Ambassador Yusra Khan
Deputy Permanent Representative
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia
to the United Nations
Security Council Open Debate on the Agenda Item
“Maintenance of International Peace and Security:
Security Sector Reform”
New York, April 28, 2014
At the outset, I wish to thank you for organizing today’s important debate and for your helpful concept paper.
My delegation would also like to thank the Secretary-General, H.E. Mr. Ban Ki-moon, for his comprehensive briefing.
Indonesia aligns itself with the statement delivered by the distinguished delegation of Iran on behalf of NAM.
Since the Security Council held its first Open Debate on Security Sector Reform (SSR) in 2007, the subject due to its fundamental importance for international peace, security and development has been acquiring greater recognition.
Considering that countries affected by conflicts have different security contexts, and each will develop its own palette of strategies on security, justice system and law enforcement, suitable to its particular requirements, the significance of national ownership for SSR approaches can not be emphasized enough.
Thus we are pleased that the UN entities have been increasingly making efforts to have an open and inclusive dialogue with countries on addressing their priorities, and improving the UN response on how best it can strengthen its support and guidance.
And because security sector related support in conflicted affected regions must be accompanied by robust support on broader peacemaking, peacebuilding and development, the UN’s emphasis on a comprehensive approach to SSR issues is also very pertinent.
It is in this context that Indonesia welcomes the first-ever stand-alone Council resolution “Security Sector Reform and the Maintenance of International Peace and Security,” to be adopted today. We hope that its implementation will lead to enhanced support on SSR for countries that request it, as well as strengthen respect for human rights and rule of law, as essential elements of peacemaking, peacekeeping, peacebuilding and development.
As a country that studiously overcame instability and continues to deepen peace and development for its people and the region, Indonesia knows first-hand the challenges of realizing a sound SSR.
The SSR process in Indonesia was driven by our political reform towards democracy back in 1998. We started with the military reform, which separated the role of military from politics. We also made a clear and formal distinction between the Indonesian Armed Forces and the Indonesian Police, which increased capacities in both institutions for carrying out their respective responsibilities.
Our process reaffirmed the imperative for national ownership as well as civil-society consultation also because the development of such a sensitive part of the state must meet the expectations of the citizens. Indeed successful SSR foremost serves and protects the people of the country.
In this context, and in response to some of the questions posed in the concept note, Indonesia would like to highlight the following:
First,with regard to the UN approach on the SSR agenda, the SSR work should be focused on post-conflict contexts. While there is a need to support training and professionalization on various security related aspects in other contexts, it is essential that any process for formulating related strategies in the UN system should be carried out in intergovernmental setting, with close consultation of Member States.
Second,to incorporate concerns and priorities of conflict-affected countries and build their national ownership, the Security Council should more meaningfully involve the host states at the earliest stage of creating missions` mandates.
My delegation underscores that providing security to the citizens and governing security sector is the primary responsibility of the State. Furthermore, we reiterate that any UN support on SSR through peacekeeping and other missions must be based on the request by the host country and cater to its particular needs.
Third,the success of UN efforts on SSR is also dependent on the level of its financial resources, capacities to deliver, professional operation at both headquarter and field, as well as coherence and cooperation among concerned UN and governmental actors.
Supporting the One UN system model, it is our view that the Peacebuilding Commission and the Peacebuilding Fund can also play their role in increasing the UN`s capacity to support SSR, and ensuring a more predictable and sustained funding for it.
Fourth,Indonesia puts high importance on building partnerships and exchanging good practices and lessons learned among countries and regional organizations. As one of the members of the informal UN Group of Friends of SSR, Indonesia is actively using this platform to communicate and enhance cooperation with other Member States on dealing with future challenges of SSR.
Fifth, to advance conversation on this issue in the Southeast Asia region, Indonesia has undertaken numerous consultations, including by facilitating an international workshop in Jakarta in 2010, with SSR as a major topic.
We believe that the regional networks of like-minded countries are vital to understanding the local culture, and can greatly enable programs to support SSR. Therefore, there needs to be regular and more frequent interaction on SSR issues between the UN system and regional organizations.
Finally, we would point out that SSR is a long-term process that should not be rushed. There is no magic formula in implementing such reform. However, we are sure that today`s debate is enriching the perspectives on SSR, and how the UN system can better plan and respond on assisting the concerned countries.
Indonesia will continue to engage actively with all relevant actors on taking forward the discussion on SSR, including by contributing to help develop the UN civilian capacities initiative that offers to improve and expand the needed expertise in countries emerging from conflict.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
325 East 38th Street, New York, NY, 10016, USA
Tel: 1.212.972.8333, Fax: 1.212.972.9780 - www.indonesiamission-ny.org