H.E. Ambassador Desra Percaya
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations
2014 Substantive Session
Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations
New York February 24, 2014
Let me begin by extending our appreciation to the Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, Mr. Herve Ladsous, and Under-Secretary-General for Field Support, Ms. Ameerah Haq, for their respective briefings, as well as their efforts and able leadership in improving coordination and effectiveness of the UN peacekeeping and field support.
Indonesia aligns itself with the statements delivered by the distinguished delegations of Egypt on behalf of NAM, and Thailand on behalf of ASEAN.
Indonesia wishes to highlight the positive atmosphere in the C-34, as a result of constructive engagement and consultations between Member States, as well as Regional Groups over the past few months. We are pleased, in this regard, to participate in this substantive session, and continue our contribution for a successful C-34 this year.
It is important to maintain the current level of cooperation and work together for better outcomes in policies on UN peacekeeping.
As the only UN forum mandated to review comprehensively the whole question of peacekeeping operations in all their aspects, and especially with today’s complex peacekeeping mandates, the role of this Committee will continue to be critical in providing strategic recommendations.
UN peacekeeping is a collective enterprise, and there should be an inclusive and transparent intergovernmental approach, harnessing the strengths of all peacekeeping stakeholders. Thus we stress a meaningful involvement of troops and police contributing countries throughout the whole process of framing the policies, implementation and evaluation of peacekeeping operations.
Indonesia concurs that when faced by multidimensional peacekeeping mandates and increased demands, one should be innovative and flexible in tackling challenging transitions from conflict to peace, and enabling security and peacebuilding.
However, this should not undermine the respect for basic principles of UN peacekeeping. Moreover, the primary responsibility of identifying priorities and strategies, in particular for post-conflict peacebuilding, should remain in the hands of host countries.
National ownership, political will, as well as joint efforts of national governments and international community are critical in constructing sustainable peace.
These along with adequate capabilities, resources, early planning and responsive mechanisms on implementing mandates remain among key elements to the success of peacekeeping operations
The Report of the Secretary-General on Implementation of the Recommendations of the C-34 (A/68/652) has reflected additional elements, which will need to be addressed to strengthen the peacekeeping processes.
Allow me, Madam Chairperson, to emphasize some additional points in the context of advancing work of UN peacekeeping operations:
First,to focus properly on multidimensional peacekeeping requires that there be a comprehensive and integrated approach on peacemaking, peacekeeping and peacebuilding. This inter-linkage should be seamless, and it should be effectively supported and coordinated among the relevant stakeholders.
In this regard, we also stress the importance of supporting national civilian capacity development and institution building in conflict-affected countries.
Indonesia has been actively contributing to the UN civilian capacities agenda, and appreciates the final Report of the Secretary-General on Civilian Capacities in the immediate aftermath of conflict (A/68/696-S/2014/5).
As the Report notes, all relevant stakeholders need to broaden and deepen the pool of civilian expertise for peacebuilding. While most conflicts have occurred in South, most successful post-conflict and democratic transitions have also been achieved there with very valuable learning and expertise. Thus we emphasize the utilization of available civilian expertise from the Global South, in particular women from developing countries, keeping in mind the need to apply the principle of national ownership.
We look forward to a detailed briefing on the future implementation of civilian capacities’ outreach activities, in accordance with the existing rules and regulations, and in close consultation with Member States.
Second, we would like to underline that the demand for responding rapidly to changing ground circumstances in missions does not permit measures that might impinge on the principles of sovereign equality and territorial integrity of states.
The use of modern technology, particularly Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) including their process of information gathering and its utilization, needs to be discussed in a more inclusive and transparent manner. Regular reports on such matters should be made available to the Member States, which should evaluate them.
Third, regarding the UN peacekeeping mandates on protecting civilians, we should be mindful that the implementation of this particular task must not go beyond the UN peacekeeping missions’ specific mandates.
Indonesia accords high priority to the protection of civilians in conflicts, and will soon deploy three MI-17 helicopters with 120 personnel, including one Infantry Battalion comprises of 800 personnel, to UNAMID.
Fourth, we reiterate the provision to blue helmets of adequate capabilities and equipment along with effective pre-deployment training and backstopping, as key factors in preventing casualties and ensuring their safety and security.
In this context, Indonesia supports the ongoing process of developing UN Military Unit Manuals (UNMUMs) that will provide standards and guidance on military contributions in various areas, and at the same time emphasizes the importance of close coordination between Member States, Secretariat, and peacekeeping missions throughout the whole process. Indonesia is committed to actively contributing to this project as the Deputy Chair of the Engineering Unit Manual.
Indonesia will also continue to enhance its capacity on peacekeeping training through its peacekeeping center, the Indonesian Peace and Security Center (IPSC). We further invite the UN and Member States to collaborate with the IPSC, in regional and international peacekeeping trainings and courses.
Before concluding, my delegation wishes to also emphasize the importance of improving the working methods in this Special Committee, as well as discussing ways and procedure on rotating the C-34’s bureau, with a clear reflection of the principles of geographical representation.
Indonesia would also like to take this opportunity to pay tribute to the men and women who have given their lives in serving the cause of peace. We highly acknowledge their dedication and courage.
In closing, Indonesia remains highly committed to the work by the C-34, and will continue to contribute actively to the success of this session.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
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