H.E. Ambassador Hasan Kleib
Permanent Representative of the Republic of Indonesia
to the United Nations
at the Open Debate of the Security Council on
“The situation in Somalia - Comprehensive Strategy for the Realisation of Peace and Security in Somalia”
New York10 March, 2011
Let me begin by expressing our profound appreciation to you on convening this open debate on the situation in Somalia.
Before proceeding, let me convey our heartfelt condolence to the bereaved families of AMISOM troops’ casualties in the wake of the latest deplorable attack.
Two decades of violent conflicts have shattered the dreams and life of innocent Somalis; young and old; women and children. A child born twenty years ago in Somalia and living in it for the rest of his childhood might not be able to see an alternative peaceful life. The list of grievances is indeed long. The list of international meetings, including this one, is abundant for references. More will be organized in coming months and years. This meeting ought to be part of the building block of facilitating the end of conflict, and the return to normalcy in Somalia. Added value is key, and it must be strategic.
The report is unequivocally clear that there is multiple source of instability. Such a situation as the report rightly so urged for the completion of a ‘comprehensive strategy.’ The strategy is to address the social, political, economic and security issues in Somalia.
Yet, before reaching any meaningful progress, there must be first and foremost genuine and strong political will from all the stakeholders from within and outside Somalia. Allocating time and pouring finite resources to address this issue have been the main choice of our work. Yet, little headways have been unfortunately achieved.
The Council might also need to reflect upon its fundamental approach and seek if it has actually overlooked key aspects of the peace process that is short of bringing tangible results.
The report recommended the constitution-drafting process must be inclusive and meeting the targets for the political transition. We support this approach. But, the constitution should also reflect the wishes of the society and stakeholders. And it should reflect the cultural diversity of the country too.
Indonesia is deeply concerned at the security and wellbeing of Somali people. The humanitarian crisis worsened by the current drought has caused additional suffering for population a large part of which is already internally displaced. It is also a matter of concern that along with the threats to human life inside Somalia and terrorism, the threats off its coast remain very serious.
This internal conflict demands strong local institutions to cope with the fundamental challenges of governing a country as large and diverse as Somalia. Building effective local institutions is crucial in establishing a viable and peaceful Somalia. Through this avenue, we can see the government regains its foothold on the country.
We share the views that the issue of piracy off the coast of Somalia is not a stand-alone problem. It is an extension of the continuing instability in Somalia. But, issue of piracy that has vast implication beyond its territory should also not be seen from a single prism of security. We must accept the fact that many of them are being economically marginalized and have no viable alternative choice. Therefore, while we are grateful to the Secretary-General for the report, we are also looking forward to receive a comprehensive report that also elaborates the economic difficulties faced by the society.
Deploying troops and naval armada would be a solution, but it would be a short term solution. A comprehensive one would have to include ways to find an alternative livelihood.
Indonesia commends the leading role of the African Union by deploying AMISOM, and lauds the troop and police contributing countries in it.
Just as other UN Security Council authorized peacekeeping operations, AMISOM too should be provided with the needed resources and equipment in an adequate and predictable fashion. The Security Council should finds ways and means to address this precarious circumstance. It has to act with resoluteness. AMISOM should become the nucleus of a future UN peacekeeping force in Somalia. The implementation of the ‘incremental approach’ must therefore be supported.
AMISOM acts on our behalf.It is the duty of the international community, in particular the Security Council, to fulfill its commitment to AMISOM. We need to respond positively to the calls of the African Union.
In closing, Mr. President, I wish to commend the work of the personnel of UN, AU, humanitarian organizations and other partners, who have persevered and continued their work in Somalia despite adverse security conditions.
Let me also underline that it is presently the responsibility of the TFG to steer Somalia through its wide-ranging challenges, now not later. Somalia, with the support of the international community, must continue charting its path to peace, security, democracy and prosperity in full consonance with the wishes of Somali citizens.
I thank you.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
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