H.E. Ambassador Hasan Kleib
Permanent Representative of
the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations
the Security Council’s Open Debate on
Peacekeeping: Taking Stock and Preparing for the Future
26 August 2011
Let me begin by joining previous speakers and the Secretary General in condemning the heinous act of terror to the UN building in Abuja, Nigeria. We wish to express our solidarity and sympathy to the People and Government of Nigeria, and extent our sincere condolences to the victims and their families.
My delegation wishes to thank you, Mr. President, for convening this important debate as well as for your excellent non-paper that reflects many of the vital challenges faced by UN peacekeeping.
We also wish to thank the Secretary General for his very important remark.
Indonesia associates itself with the statement delivered earlier by Morocco on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement.
We indeed take comfort in witnessing the cessation of conflicts in some countries and the progress in their steady rebuilding and reconstruction. The role and contribution of the United Nations and the international community in that graduation are exceptional, and the Security Council has been determined and decisive in that regard.
The experience in all those conflicts reaffirms the critical importance of peacekeeping operations in the fulfillment of Council’s primary responsibility in saving humankind from the scourge of war. We believe that the continuing importance of peacekeeping missions should be duly recognized.
We, therefore, reiterate our full support for the Council’s increased recognition of UN peacekeeping as a global partnership; one that draws the contributions of troop and police contributing countries, Security Council, General Assembly, and UN secretariat, not to mention the host country.
As a collective endeavour, all stakeholders need to be on the same page, with a sense of common purpose, to effectively address the challenges.
The UN peacekeeping must also continue to be clearly and firmly based on its three basic principles, namely, consent of the parties concerned, impartiality, and non-use of force except in self-defence and in the defence of the Security Council’s mandate.
As the missions have become increasingly multidimensional, complex, and highly risky in some theatres, our responsibility to provide explicitly clear guidelines to blue helmets with the required equipment, training, and resources has also become more pronounced.
The necessary political, human, financial, logistic, and information resources for the achievement of missions’ mandates can be mobilized and sustained only when there is a constant effort to cooperate, consult and coordinate better between all stakeholders. In this regard, the views of troop and police contributing countries are critical, and they along with host countries, should be more frequently and meaningfully consulted.
The question of resources, as also highlighted in your paper, indeed remains vital. The lack of required resources might not only impinge on the safety and security of peacekeepers, it might also affect the peacekeepers’ capacities to safeguard the populations for which they have been mandated. In order to undertake that noble goal of protection civilians, which my delegation fully supports, there must be provision of adequate capabilities along with clear mission goals to enhance the effectiveness of peacekeeping operations.
Peacekeeping alone, however, is not sufficient if our goal is to achieve sustainable peace. A comprehensive approach with tackling of root causes and conducting peacemaking is often the key to sustainable peace.
Post-conflict peacebuilding is vital in helping war-torn societies make the transition to durable peace. In that regard, the role of the Peacebuilding Commission is of paramount importance.We look forward to its further constructive and tangible contribution as well as assistance to peace consolidation efforts. We, in this context, we commend the Security Council for its focus on peacekeeping-peacebuilding nexus in the past two years.
Furthermore, it is important that skilled and culturally-aware civilian experts, especially from the Global South could be deployed timely in the areas in which expertise is required by the host countries. Only a comprehensive approach to peacemaking can bring sustainable results.
For Indonesia, Mr. President, peacekeeping is one of the important elements in its foreign policy. Indonesia has participated actively in the UN peacekeeping going as far back as 1956 and is presently contributing to six peacekeeping operations around the world. Indonesia will continue its contribution and increase its participation in the UN peacekeeping operations.
Let me conclude, Mr. President, by reiterating the importance for the UN, in particular the Security Council and international community not only to ensure the effectiveness of peacekeeping operations, but also to tackle root causes of disputes and conflicts at the earliest stage, in a well-planned, coherent, coordinated and comprehensive manner, in accordance with the international law and UN Charter.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
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