H.E. Dr. Desra Percaya
Permanent Representative of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations
At Plenary Meeting on Agenda Item 63:
New Partnership for Africa’s Development: progress in implementation and international support
and Agenda Item 13 :
2001-2010: Decade to Roll Back Malaria in Developing Countries, Particularly in Africa
(New York, 25 October 2013)
Indonesia associates itself with the statement made by distinguished Representative of Brunei Darussalam on behalf of ASEAN.
Indonesia would like to express its gratitude to the Secretary-General for his comprehensive reports pertaining to the agenda items we are deliberating.
Without a doubt, Africa is making noteworthy progress twelve years after NEPAD was adopted. Nevertheless, tremendous challenges still lie ahead for Africa. We are also aware that efforts to accelerate African economies’ growth are hindered by very substantial obstacles. The Africancountries have in their own right made strides to overcome the obstacles by expanding their link to the world economy. Yet, it is not an effort that can be achieved by African countries alone. Creating sustained growth and peace requires partnership and cooperation.
Global partnerships and international support underpins NEPAD’s success. Bilateral and triangular cooperation as well as South-South cooperation are important components of the global partnership. Ensuring an equitable global trading and financial system is central to creating sustained growth. The WTO trade talks, however, have yet to reach any satisfactory and meaningful conclusion. The Ninth Ministerial Conference of the WTO, in Bali, Indonesia, this coming December 2013, is one such opportunity to reverse the deadlock in trade talks. It should strive to strengthen multilateral trade rules, avoid protectionism, and sustain the levels of global trade, including on an agreement for issues affecting Africa.
On its part, Indonesia, through the New Asia-Africa Strategic Partnership (NAASP) and the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) Center for South-South technical cooperation in Jakarta have built a solid base for extensive cooperation with Africa. Indonesia has assisted in capacity building for agriculture and food security. We are continuously working with a number of countries in Africa to develop rice fields with varieties that suit the continent’s weather and farming conditions.
Furthermore, we should not forget that public-private and private-private partnerships play an important role in expanding Africa’s creative capacities.
Economic growth requires peaceful conditions. Indeed the number of armed conflicts in Africa has steadily declined from around 30 at the end of cold war to little more than a dozen. From only three democracies, today, there are 25 democracies, of varying types in the region. However, conflicts are still occurring and peace remains fragile in a number of places. Peacemaking, peacebuilding and development will therefore need to be continually deepened.
For that the African citizens with their chosen leadership must drive their progress. Lasting success requires robust support from and collaboration with the UN and partners. But sustainable results ultimately rest in the hands of Africans themselves.
Thus the principle of national ownership which has been steadfastly advocated particularly in the Peacebuilding Commission remains as the imperative principle. Indonesia commends in this regard, the important progress and developments on the ground, among others in Liberia with the launching of its national reconciliation strategy and the successful elections in Sierra Leone.
We underline in this regard, that supports from the international community and the United Nations in assisting post-conflict recovery in various countries in the region must also require deepen cooperation and partnership not only with host governments concerned but also regional and sub-regional organizations.
For its part, Indonesia stands ready to work with the UN particularly through its active contribution in UN peacekeeping operations, its membership in the Peacebuilding Commission and its persistent role in advancing mediation and conflict prevention.
Unprecedented efforts have been invested to fight malaria for more than a decade. Yet, malaria remains a serious problem. The prevalence of malaria, particularly among children and pregnant women, remain alarmingly high, especially in the African region. Therefore, in the 700 day countdown to the MDGs, we need to further accelerate efforts at all levels to halt malaria by 2015. And upon that moment let us seize the opportunity to reverse the incidence of malaria.
At the global level, the highest burdened countries, especially in the African region require accelerated effort, including financial assistance to procure and distribute life-saving interventions. Although the Global Malaria Action Plan has contributed significantly, strengthening and innovation on financing mechanisms is inevitable.
We also need to further develop our capacity to track progress in malaria control. The global capacity can currently detect only one-tenth of the estimated global number of cases. We need to further develop and strengthen malaria surveillance systems, including at the regional level.
At the national level, we have to continue putting the fight against malaria as a priority, and integrate it into the national health policy and framework.To reach the zero malaria goal requires a multi-sectoral approach and cooperation going beyond the health sector.
In this connection, Indonesia welcomes the launch of the Framework and Roadmap on a multisectoral Approach to Malaria, during the 68th UNGA high level period. We hope that the Framework could serve as the strategic platform for multisectoral cooperation and coordination in eradicating malaria.
Finally Madame President,
It is important to keep in mind that Africa should and must be given a chance to find solutions that concretely addressing their own situations and realities by touching upon their basic needs. Only through such mechanism, that we could see the equal achievement in Africa, as well as in other parts of the world.
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