DELEGATION OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA
THE 68TH SESSION OF THE THIRD COMMITTEE
H.E. Mr. Yusra Khan
Deputy Permanent Representative
Agenda Item 27: Social Development
Ladies and Gentlemen,
As this is the very first time for Indonesia to take the floor, please allow me to congratulate and commend you Mr. Chairman, and all the members of the Bureau on your respective election. Indonesia wishes to extend its support for the Third Committee Bureau in leading the work of the Committee.
At the outset, Indonesia wishes to align itself with the statement made on behalf of ASEAN, as well as the statement made on behalf of the G77 and China.
We would also wish to note with appreciation the reports and notes prepared by the SG under agenda item 27 on Social Development, which provide us with a solid basis to start our debate on the issue.
Social development has been recognized as central to the needs and aspirations of people throughout the world. The Secretary-General’s reports on Promoting Social Integration through Social Inclusion highlighted that the progress is becoming more visible. Yet, there are still many that live in the margins, living under the weight of numerous social challenges, as reported in the Report on Implementation of the Outcome of the World Summit for Social Development and of the Twenty-Fourth Special Session of the General Assembly by the Secretary-General.
In the heels of the MDGs deadline, we need to first of all exercise our full commitment to ensure that we meet the goals. Going forward, we need to complete the social development gains of the MDGs. The implementation of international agreements to protect and promote the rights of vulnerable and marginalized members of society also plays a key part. The Copenhagen Declaration and Plan of Action, Madrid Declaration and International Plan of Action, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), among others, are some of the most important political commitments that underscore the importance of social integration of vulnerable groups into society and the development agenda.
We should build on the Rio+20 outcome, which reaffirmed the mutual relationship between social, economic and environmental pillars of sustainable development. In the context of the post-2015 development agenda, the proposed transformative shift - “Leave No One Behind” - by the High Level Panel of Eminent Persons underscores inclusive growth. Both have enabled social dimensions to be well-considered as essential conditions in the process of development.
Both also highlighted the need to strengthen the global partnership. This means governments will serve as the conduit to provide social services and enable a favourable environment for social development. Meanwhile, the leadership of the United Nations is also expected to ensure the inclusion of vulnerable groups in the post-2015 agenda, while providing assistance for countries at various stages of development.Furthermore,we need more collaborative efforts among all stakeholders to foster Public-Civic-Private engagement in addressing the root cause of poverty, inequality, and social exclusion, in order to progress towards inclusive and Sustainable Development. It is also inevitable that the private sector’s role be further explored, as they possess far greater capacity to contribute to social insurance programs.
Perhaps one of the most distressing aspects of the global social development landscape is the fact that unemployment has remained high, particularly among youth. It is a challenge that correlates with the stability of the family. It also correlates with ageing, as dependence on the productivity of the youth will factor into their wellbeing. Any governmenton its own cannot achieve enough to address unemployment and youth. More holistic, cooperative approaches are needed to save current jobs, create new ones, enhance workforce skills, and provide incentives for job growth. We need to bring together government, business, labor organizations and international institutions in a partnership.
The upcoming observance of the 20th Anniversary of the International Year of Family in 2014 will be a momentous opportunity to address youth unemployment and its link to family. It is also timely that the international community refocus on the role of family in development through its contribution to social stability and cohesion.
On ageing, Indonesia supports the global aspiration and process towards the conception of an international legal instrument that would comprehensively regulate and protect the rights of Older Persons. It is importantto start the work on promoting and mainstreaming the rights and dignity of Older Persons from a holistic human-rights and development approach within the UN system. Indonesia among others has been actively engaged in the Friends of Older Persons initiative.
In Indonesia, we have been continuing to take concrete steps to reduce and eliminate major sources of social distress and instability. We have developed a number of policies and programs to ensure inclusive growth.
First, through the National Social Security System orJaminan Sosial Nasional (Jamsosnas) as defined in Law No. 40 of year 2004, the Government of Indonesia is protecting its citizens through the acquirement of basic needs for a decent life, as stipulated in the Universal Declaration on Human Rights of 1948 and ILOConvention No. 102 of year 1952, and even more, as the coverage of the national social security system is quite comprehensive, covering pension, national health insurance, accident and life insurance. The program will cover all Indonesian citizens, whether they belong to the formal sector, informal sector, or even self-employed.
Second, Indonesia recognizes education and higher education, as one of the fundamental factors of development. We further recognize that sustainable development could not be achieved without human capital investment. Thus, Indonesia has enacted a number of national laws and policies on education to ensure the goal of universal education is achieved, inter alia: Law No. 2 of 1989 and No. 20 of 2003 on National Education System, and Law No. 12 of 2012 on Higher Education; and also Government Regulation No. 60 of 1999 on Higher Education, No. 66 of 2010 on Education Management and Conduct, and No. 32 of 2013 on National Education Standard.
Through those laws and policies, the Government of Indonesia would like to create a conducive environment towards a quality education for Indonesian children, primarily through nine years of school, where they can choose between state-run, non-sectarian public schools supervised by theMinistry of National Education and Cultural Affairs (Kemdiknas), or private or semiprivate religious schools supervised and financed by the Department of Religious Affairs.
Third, with employment and decent work being the main concern surrounding the issue of youth, the Government of Indonesia has established the Indonesian Youth Employment Newtwork (IYEN) in May 2003. Its key priority is the Indonesia Youth Employment Action Plan (IYEAP) for the promotion of youth employment, to raise awareness and to mobilize partners for action.
The IYEN, with technical support from the ILO,initiated a program of action in 2003 on addressing the challenges of youth employment in Indonesia. This program supports a series of activities including research on the school-to-work transition of young people, a survey of best practice, a survey and report of best practice programs, and a series of consultations of stakeholders including young women and men that has provided valuable information in the preparation and development of the IYEAP.
Fourth, with almost 10 % of our national population being older persons, the Government of Indonesia’s care and attention towards older persons can be seen through the adoption of a number of laws and regulations related to Older Persons, and the establishment of the National Commission on Older Persons.Those legislations include: Law No.13 of Year 1998 on Older Persons Welfare; Law No. 39 of Year 1999 on Human Rights; Law No. 28 of 2002 on Building and Structure; Law No. 40 of Year 2004 on National Social Security System; Law No. 11 of 2009 on Social Welfare; Law No. 36 of 2009 on Health; and Presidential Decree No. 52 of 2004 on the National Commission on Older Persons.
Fifth, policies and achievements on family-related matters have focused on addressing the marital and family institutions, and to provide continuous support from the Government, among others through National Law No. 2 of 1974 on Marriage, No. 39 of 1999 on Human Rights, No. 40 of 2004 on National Security System, No. 52 on Population and Family Development,and No. 23 of 2004 on Domestic Violence.
The enactment of such national laws has enabled Indonesia to further develop policies and initiatives to ensure the protection and development of family, among others through the establishment of: National Population and Family Planning Board (Badan Kependudukan dan Keluarga Berencana Nasional/BKKBN); Family Resilience and Welfare Programme (Pembinaan Ketahanan dan Kesejahteraan Keluarga/PK3); Family Welfare Service Center (Pusat Pelayanan Keluarga Sejahtera/PPKS); Family Hope Program (Program Keluarga Harapan); and the national initiative of Family Day, which aims to raise awareness on the importance of Family as the core unit of the society, and to promote national family-related multi-sectoral services, including on Family Planning (Keluarga Berencana/KB), and family counseling.
Sixth, after its ratification of the CRPD in November 2011, Indonesia is continuing the harmonization of various national legislations, policies and pro-disability programs, such as one percent hiring quota, and entrepreneurship training for persons with disabilities. At the moment Indonesia is also preparing a National Action Plan on Disabilities for the period 2013-2022.
With equally important efforts at regional level, in ASEAN the “General Election Network for Disability Access” has been actively socializing and monitoring elections in the region. While In the Asia-Pacific region, we have just concluded the “Asian and Pacific Decade of Disabled Persons from 2003 to 2012”, which was reviewed in Korea last year. A working group under ESCAP for 2013 to 2017 was also recently established, in which Indonesia is a member. I am also pleased to announce that Indonesia will be hosting the Third Asia-Pacific Meeting onDisabilities in 2022.
Finally Mr. Chairman,
Indonesia wishes to emphasize its full support for the efforts by this year’s Third Committee session to draw clear conclusions, and formulate effective recommendations, in relation to the challenges and opportunities linked to Social Development.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
325 East 38th Street, New York, NY, 10016, USA
Tel: 1.212.972.8333, Fax: 1.212.972.9780 - www.indonesiamission-ny.org