H.E. Mr. Yusra Khan
Ambassador/ Deputy Permanent Representative
of the Republic of Indonesia
“Women and peace and security”
New York, 28 October 2011
Let me join previous speakers by firstly congratulating you in assuming the Presidency of the Council, and expressing my appreciation to you for convening this open debate.
I also thank the Secretary-General for providing us with the Report on Women and peace and security, as well as other speakers today for their important briefings on the issue that we are debating.
The adoption of resolution 1325 in 2000 was hailed as a landmark and groundbreaking resolution. For the first time, the importance of women’s full participation at all levels - in conflict prevention; conflict resolution; and peace-building- was recognized.
Since then, implementation of resolution 1325 and its sister resolutions have paved the way for gender perspective mainstreaming in UN peacekeeping operations and missions worldwide. In similar vein, Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, which areas of action also include women and armed conflict, should also continue to be implemented.
These various international frameworks on women are complementary and mutually reinforced our effort to protect the right of women in conflict situation.
Our annual debate on Women and peace and security is built upon various premises, among others, first, that women in conflict are often victims and shouldering the multiple consequences of conflict. And second, that despite being vulnerable, in many instances, women in conflict have continued to demonstrate their transformative role and potentials for creating sustainable peace.
Indonesia shares the common view that by promoting women’s role as agents of peace, their plight as victims of conflict can be overcome.
Embedded in this common view is the paramount importance of prevention of conflict.
Within this context, our effort in waging peace should nurture an environment that accommodates the contribution of women in conflict prevention. This would mean, among others, enhancing women’s participation in decision making processes, building a culture of peace that respects life, promoting a way of life that values non-violence and dialogue, and characterized by cooperation and social responsibility.
In a peaceful atmosphere, women can fulfill their role as transmitters of values; as economic resource managers; and as solidarity supporters and networkers. By having the space to build networks, women can encourage social and political groups to take preventative measures before conflicts break out.
Given their unique perspectives and insights on women in conflict, the implementation of resolution 1325 would benefit with the present of more women in formal institutions of conflict prevention and resolution, including in preventive diplomacy and mediation efforts.
Women’s potential as agents of change, skillfully reshaping and rebuilding communities affected by conflict is an important resource to tap into.
Yet, it is not always the case that they can be readily available for such a huge task.
In post conflict situations, the deficit in experience, skills, understanding, knowledge on women and peace issues is often a hindrance to having a greater involvement of women. Overcoming trauma they had to endure can also be a factor in having women becoming active peace-building actors.
Taking into account these challenges, an important aspect of realizing the aims of resolution 1325 is to support capacity building for grass root movements, and organizations established in conflict and post conflict times.
Recognizing that post conflict capacity building is not an overnight endeavor, the scope and timeframe to develop women’s capacity should be undertaken for the long term.
To conclude, Mr. President, let me reiterate that responsibilities to implement relevant Security Council resolutions on enhancing women’s participation in peace process, including the protection of women, rest primarily with their respective governments.
Through this debate, we can once again reaffirm our readiness to promote the participation of women in peace process, including within the framework of Security Council resolution 1325.
The adoption of a set of global indicators to track implementation of resolution 1325, at the conclusion of the tenth anniversary debate last year, we hope and expect will help the Council to reenergize and strategize its efforts in an effective manner.
We hope that those set of indicators can help resolve the bottlenecks that have contributed to the delays in implementation of the activities that the indicators are designed to measure.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
325 East 38th Street, New York, NY, 10016, USA
Tel: 1.212.972.8333, Fax: 1.212.972.9780 - www.indonesiamission-ny.org