STATEMENT BY H.E. MR. HASAN KLEIB
DIRECTOR GENERAL FOR MULTILATERAL, MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFARIS
AT THE HIGH LEVEL DIALOG ON INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT
NEW YORK, 3 OCTOBER 2013
Excellencies, Distinguished Delegates,
The issue of international migration and development has rightly received increasing attention. Indonesia therefore welcomes the convening of this High-Level Dialogue on International Migration and Development.
Migration undeniably contributes both countries of origin and destination to the development of both countries of origin and destination.
Over the past 20 years, the number of international migrants has increased significantly encompassing more than 3 percent of global population. For Indonesia alone, it is estimated that 4.5 million of Indonesians make a living as migrant workers overseas.
However, Mr. President, despite all its positive impacts, migration, if not managed properly by both countries of origin and destination, could pose a challenge and bring about possible negative ramifications.
For countries of origin, migration could affect their development programmes due to brain drain, and less available high-skills and talents.
As for countries of destination, migration could cause overreliance on foreign workforce, and generate social problems particularly during the periods of high unemployment and time of economic uncertainty.
For individual migrants and their families, while it is undoubtedly that migrants can benefit from many opportunities provided in the country of destination, they are also vulnerable to possible existence of intolerance, abuse, exploitation, and discrimination.
It is, therefore, important that migrants' vital role as agents and contributors to development be recognized by both countries of origin and destination.
To this end, there is a need to change the mindset and attitudes of society in countries of destination, by treating the migrants equally and embracing them as their own. Similarly, migrants should also adapt themselves with the new environment and communities, and need to respect and abide the rules and regulations of the countries of destination.
It is pertinent to note the important role and contribution of the civil society to find responses to the challenges and opportunities posed by international migration.
Indonesia has its own challenges in addressing the negative impact of migration. Recognizing the increasing problems faced by our migrant workers mainly those unskilled and low-skilled working in informal sectors particularly women, the Government of Indonesia continues to strengthen its efforts to the promotion and protection of the rights of migrant workers.
At national level, we have ratified and implement the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families. In this regard, Indonesia wishes to call upon countries which have not ratified the Convention to consider ratifying it at the earliest possible time.
Indonesia is also expanding the scope of the protection for its migrants by establishing citizens service unit in our Embassies and Consulates in various countries. We have also developed a Zero Domestic Workers Roadmap 2017" to promote safe and regular migration of professional and skilled workers.
At the regional level, Indonesia continues to promote and implement ASEAN Declaration on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Migrant Workers. In August 2013, Indonesia hosted the Jakarta Conference: Regional Cooperation on International Migration, Mobility and Best Practices on Migration and Development in Southeast Asia.
At multilateral level, we also actively engaged in the discussion of migration issues such as in Colombo Process, Abu Dhabi Dialogue, Global Forum on Migration and Development as well as this High Level Dialogue.
In the framework of the Post-2015 Development Agenda, the important role of migrants as agents for development has been emphasized in the report of the High Level Panel, in which President of Indonesia had the honour to co-chair. We are pleased to note that the issue has also been given adequate attention in the report of the Secretary General on "A Life of Dignity for All".
We, in this context, welcomed the adoption of the Declaration of this high-level dialogue. We believe that the Declaration could pave the way to address migration in a coherent, comprehensive, balanced, and action-oriented, with a people-centered focus.
As clearly reflected in the Declaration, migration is a transnational process, a cross-cutting and multi-dimensional issue in nature. Neither sending nor receiving countries are in a position to address all issues of migration alone. Inter-state cooperation is a must. Partnership in managing international migration is essential.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
325 East 38th Street, New York, NY, 10016, USA
Tel: 1.212.972.8333, Fax: 1.212.972.9780 - www.indonesiamission-ny.org