H.E. Ambassador DesraPercaya
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia
to the United Nations
Security Council Open Debate
“Cooperation between the United Nations and Regional and Sub-regional Organizations in maintaining international peace and security”
New York. August 6, 2013
At the outset, the delegation of Indonesia congratulates you on your presidency for the month of August. We are thankful to you for convening this important open debate, and also for your helpful and well-structured concept paper.
Indonesia associates with the statement made earlier by the distinguished representative of Vietnam on behalf of ASEAN.
Indonesia also expresses its appreciation to various regional and sub-regional organizations that have spoken today, and commends their work on advancing peace in their respective regions.
The subject of this debate, “Cooperation between the United Nations and Regional and Sub-regional Organizations in Maintaining International Peace and Security,” is of particular importance to Indonesia. Indeed during our last Presidency of the Security Council in November 2007, we also held an open debate on it, following which the Council adopted document PRST/2007/42.
Among others in that presidential statement, the Council recognized the important role of regional and sub-regional organizations in the prevention, management and resolution of conflicts in accordance with Chapter VIII of the Charter and the strong positioning of those organizations to understand the root causes of many conflicts and other security challenges close to home and to influence their prevention or resolution.
On January 13, 2010, the Council also held a debate, at the instance of China, which focused on the relationship between the United Nations and regional and subregional organizations, stressing the importance of developing effective partnerships. Following that debate, the Council expressed its intention to promote closer and more operational cooperation between the United Nations and regional and subregional organizations in the fields of conflict early warning, prevention, peacemaking, peacekeeping and peacebuilding, and to ensure the coherence, synergy and collective effectiveness of their efforts.
With that background in mind, my delegation welcomes the adoption of the Presidential Statement, which reflects and reaffirms many of the important elements from previous PRSTs on this subject.
The increased complexity of current conflicts requires more significant and multidimensional role of regional and sub-regional organizations.
In order to be more effective in the task of maintaining international peace and security, however, we must continue toexpand anddeepen cooperation and dialogue between the UN system and these organizations.
Is it possible to more clearly define the comparative advantages of the United Nations and each regional organization in problem solving and their contribution to international peace and security? Our response to this question is that not only it is possible to do so, it is important to do so.
It is in our view that the challenge before the United Nations is not to be everywhere, or to attempt to do everything. On the contrary, the emerging reality is that the United Nations can be more effective simply by developing and strengthening its partnerships, especially with reference to regional and subregional organizations, so that the stronger those partnerships, the stronger and more effective the United Nations is.
In order to do this, Indonesia would like to reiterate that one size does not, and cannot, fit all. On account of cultural,political history and other factors, an approach that may be a winner in one part of the world may not be as successful in another.
To that end, it is important to have constant consultations between the UN and these regional and sub-regional organizations so as to develop an understanding of lessons and mechanisms that are transferable, and those that may not be.
Some regional frameworks should also be assisted properly by the UN and other actors, and strong efforts made to strengthen strategic trust between the UN and different organizations. In our view, it is these efforts that will help to develop and strengthen cooperation in such areas as early warning, conflict prevention, mediation and post-conflict peacebuilding.
Let me turn tomy own region – South East Asia. Indonesia is a staunch supporter of regional cooperation, and ASEAN forms an integral part of Indonesia’s foreign policy.
A stable, peaceful and prosperous Southeast Asia, indeed, the Asia-Pacific, as once underlined by Minister Marty Natalegawa, “must necessarily entail an ASEAN that is at the heart of the region’s dynamics – positively shaping and molding developments”.
Being an ardent proponent of closer UN-ASEAN cooperation, we are proud of the fact that amongst the key outcomes of Indonesia’s Chairmanship of ASEAN in 2011 was the ASEAN-UN Comprehensive Partnership and the Bali Concord III.Both are seminal documents reflecting a greater ASEAN role on the global stage.
In that connection,Madam President, allow me to share the following thoughts.
ASEAN, as a vibrant and dynamic regional organization, can and should be part of the solution to many global security issues, by being effective, capable and peaceful. It must continue to strengthen its role as a net contributor to international peace and security.
Stronger and effective regional and sub-regional organizations, able to promote and wage peace in their respective regions, will not only contribute to global peacebut, as has been proven in the case of ASEAN, also enable countries in the region to channel their resources to development.
What the United Nations can do is to assist regional and sub-regional organizations such as ASEAN in continuing to build their capacity. The UN and ASEAN already have at their disposal such a partnership platform under the Comprehensive Partnership which can benefit from a broadened cooperation in various pertinent areas, includingpeacebuilding, peacekeeping, mediation and civilian capacity.
I would like to conclude by underscoring the significance of a comprehensive and integrated approach in the maintenance of regional and international peace and security. In order to effectively address conflicts and achieve sustainable results, it is critical that mediation, peacemaking and peacebuilding are deployed from the onset of instability, and nurtured and sustained through an inclusive and credible political process that includes paying attention to the root causes.
This endeavor, when undertaken in a spirit of partnership between the UN and regional as well as sub-regional organizations, will inevitably yield greater peace around the world.
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