Statement of the Republic of Indonesia
the 6th Session of the Conference of State Parties
to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
Mr. Makmur Sunusi
Special Adviser on Social Integration
Ministry of Social Affairs
New York, 17 July 2013
I wish to begin by thanking you, the distinguished representative of UNDESA, and the distinguished representative of the OHCHR for the comprehensive statements.
I also wish to express my appreciation and support towards the work of the Bureau, and also the Secretariat of the "6th Conference of State Parties to the CRPD".
Many persons with disabilities around the world have demonstrated that they are as capable as anybody else to reach great achievements, and contribute to progress. Ironically, the tremendous potential of persons with disabilities remains vastly untapped, because of the pervasive social stigma associated to them, rendering them to many risks.
The international community began the effort over two decades ago, to reverse the societal mindset that has marginalised this vulnerable group, which culminated in the Convention on Persons with Disabilities or CRPD. This testifies to the global community’s recognition that the Convention and previous frameworks are important for attaining a more just and prosperous 21st century. The rights based approach that the Convention promotes, has engaged governments worldwide to secure accessibility for persons with disabilities, and abolish practices that discriminate against them.
While disabilities does not distinguish between economic categories, it impacts the poor in an inequitable manner. The Convention recognizes the link between poverty and persons with disabilities. In this respect, Indonesia welcomes the theme “Ensuring adequate standard of living: empowerment and participation of persons with disabilities within the framework of the CRPD”, as the central focus of the 6th COSP’s discussion.
Empowering and ensuring the active participation of persons with disabilities living in poverty depends on many factors. However in Indonesia’s view the most crucial factor for empowering them is providing access to the necessary tools.
They should have equal access to basic services such as education, health, transportation as well as to political participation, all of which would provide them the productive capacities to act independently and reach an adequate standard of living. In Indonesia’s view, the first step to enable access for disabled persons is a strong commitment by Governments. This should be supported by the full participation of all related stakeholders, which is key to further enabling economic empowerment, promoting disabilities inclusive development, and achieving an inclusive and equitable society.
The UN at the global level needs to support and intensify its efforts to advance the rights of persons with disabilities, and in mainstreaming a disabilities approach into its system and development agenda, with a focus on the promotion of accessibility, capacity development, and the strengthening of disability data and statistics.
Efforts at the regional level are equally important. Regional frameworks are part and parcel of reinforcing and advancing norms on persons with disabilities. In ASEAN, the “General Election Network for Disability Access”has been actively socializing and monitoring elections in the region. In the Asia-Pacific region, we have completed the “Asian and Pacific Decade of Disabled Persons from 2003 to 2012”, which was reviewed in Korea last year. A working group under ESCAP for 2013 to 2017 was also recently established, in which Indonesia is a member. And I am pleased to announce that Indonesia will be hosting the Third Asia-Pacific Meeting on Disabilities in 2022.
Indonesia became a party to the CRPD, after officially depositing its instrument of ratification to the Secretary-General, on 30 November 2011. The ratification action itself is a reflection of the responsibility of Indonesia as part of the global community in promoting and protecting human rights for all, including persons with disabilities. It will also strengthen Indonesia's national framework, and the legal basis for the Government of Indonesia to ensure welfare and social protection for persons with disabilities.
Although Indonesia is a relatively new state party to the CRPD, a number of efforts have been conducted by Indonesia prior to ratification. For instance, to establish a universal design; a reasonable accomodation for persons with disabilities, and to expand access to services for disabled persons, the Government of Indonesia instituted a number of ministerial decrees. Since 2007, up to 38,000 persons with severed disabilities have been receiving Social Securiy from the government. We also worked on including the Convention’s dimensions in regional frameworks on disabilities, such as: “Biwako Millennium Framework for Action”and “Biwako plus Five towards an Inclusive, Barrier-free and Rights-based Society for Persons with Disabilities in Asia and the Pacific”.
To align with the CRPD, the Government of Indonesia has harmonized various legislation, policies as well pro-disabilities programs. This includes an ongoing process taking place in the Indonesian Parliament to revise a 1997 law on persons with disabilities. Furthermore, in partnership with civil society and disability related organisations, the Government of Indonesia is preparing a “National Action Plan on Disabilities from 2013 to 2022”. The government has shifted its focus from a service based approach to a rights based approach, which enables persons with disabilities in Indonesia to enjoy the right to liberty and security, while also empowering them. We have also shifted from residential and institutional based rehabilitation to community based rehabilitation to enable persons with disabilities to be an active member of the community, and not become isolated from their family and peers. Specific recognition towards women and children with disabilities has received particular attention from the Government. Currently a review of laws and regulations is being done to eliminate any discrimination towards them.
A number of activities have been implemented, which include a Vocational Rehabilitation Center in Cibinong that has prepared persons with disabilities to be readily absorbed in the garment industry, metal works and graphic design. To open more opportunities for self-employment, we have provided training and workshops on entrepreneurship, as well as provide physical structures and tools to help persons with disabilities jumpstart their businesses through Sheltered Workshops in 300 cities. We are reaching out to persons with disabilities in rural areas through an outreach program implemented through Mobile Rehabilitation Units.
In the context of promoting corporate social responsibilitly, the government in partnership with the private sector has obligated a 1 percent quota to employ persons with disabilities.
The Government further recognizes that persons with disabilities face their own unique challenges in natural disasters. We have therefore put priority on this group and those that have become disabled as a result of natural disasters. A “National Action Plan on Disaster Risk Prevention from 2010 to 2014” among other provides measures for persons with disabilities in natural disasters and in disaster risk reduction.
Before concluding, Indonesia has a strong hope that discussions that will take place in the next two days would be able to highlight achievements as well identify remaining gaps and challenges in the realization of the CRPD.
As we all know, a couple of weeks ago we just finished a quite extensive rounds of negotiation on the outcome document of the "High Level Meeting on Disabilities and Development" or HLMDD. In this regard, Indonesia further hopes that the result of this Meeting would enrich and strengthen the process towards the commencement of the HLMDD. We also hope that it will strengthen in the endeavour of bringing global attention to the situation of persons with disabilities, and to decide on the way forward in achieving an inclusive society with a rightful and equitable place for persons with disabilities, both as agents and beneficiearies of development.
I thank you.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
325 East 38th Street, New York, NY, 10016, USA
Tel: 1.212.972.8333, Fax: 1.212.972.9780 - www.indonesiamission-ny.org