H.E. Mr.Desra Percaya
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia
to the United Nations
Security Council Open Debate
“Situation in Somalia”
New YorkMarch 5, 2012
At the outset, I would like to congratulate United Kingdom on assuming presidency of the Security Council for March, and convening this open debate on the situation in Somalia.
My delegation thanks the Secretary General, and his Special Representative, Ambassador Mahiga, for their respective briefings.
Before proceeding, Indonesia associates itself with the statement by Kazakhstan on behalf of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC).
For too long, violence and instability have not let Somali people live in peace and normalcy. The national authorities must be fully responsive to the needs and wishes of Somali citizens. And the regional and international community must also do better by further strengthening support, in keeping with the Somali-identified aims and solutions.
Indonesia welcomes the London Conference held on 23 February 2012 and its communiqué that comprehensively addresses the challenges in Somalia.
The subsequent steps by the UN and international community are extremely important, and it will be critical that the Somali stakeholders are fully involved in the efforts.
While we welcome political progress in the country and the upcoming completion of the Transitional Federal Government, we underscore the importance for the future government to be fully representative of the Somali polity.
National reconciliation is crucial, and we hope that there is due realisation of this in all quarters with a reinvigorated and well-supported political effort to that end.
Indonesia is deeply concerned by the terrorism and violence in Somalia. We support the Security Council’s decision of strengthening AMISOM in order to ensure security and stability in the country. However, the increase in AMISOM troops needs to be supported with adequate and predictable resources.
While ‘prevention’ against terrorism, violence, and piracy is an imperative, and it is rightly getting high attention by the international partners, there must be an equal attention on the aspect of ‘build’.
The building of well-functioning and accountable state institutions and capacities in Somalia will go a long way in enabling a conducive environment, ensuring that measures against terrorism, violence and piracy produce lasting results.
We should also be mindful that poverty remains a very serious challenge, and efforts and support should be increased to provide people sustainable livelihoods, helping them improve their conditions.
Piracy needs to be considered in a comprehensive context as well with greater focus on revitalizing local and national economy.
We note that with the deepening of international efforts to combat piracy off the Somali coast, the issue of prosecution and trial of pirates is getting more challenging.
Indonesia supports strengthened international cooperation in the prosecution of piracy and armed robbery under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).
In closing, we fully support that the UN and international community must continue to focus their attention on the situation in Somalia. But we should also ensure that the solutions that are devised are comprehensive and driven by the work of Somali stakeholders embedded in the process of national reconciliation.
Indonesia reiterates its support for the unity, sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of Somalia. We will continue to play our part in helping to realize peace, security and prosperity for the Somali people.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
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