H.E. Ambassador Desra Percaya
Permanent Representative of the Republic of Indonesia
to the United Nations
The Security Council Open Debate
on Women, Peace and Security
New York, 17 April 2013
Allow me to begin by commending the President’s work on convening today’s debate on the issue of sexual violence in conflict. The timely debate highlights the urgency to address the various forms of violence towards women and girls. Despite all of the achievements and progress that has been made in the advocacy of women’s protection and rights, it is a persistent occurrence that happens all over the world.
Indonesia also wishes to thank the Secretary-General for his report on Sexual Violence in Conflict as a valuable starting point for our deliberation today for betterment in the measures of eliminating and preventing violence against women, particularly in the conflict situation.
At the outset, Indonesia would like to associate itself with the statements delivered by Viet Nam on behalf of the ten member countries of ASEAN.
As highlighted in the Report of the Secretary-General, Indonesia notes with deep concern the use of sexual as a war tactic that exacerbates the consequences of war. Against this backdrop, Indonesiacondemns all forms of violence against women and girls in armed conflicts, particularly sexual violence, which as reported, not only predominantly affected women and girls, but also men and boys.
Indonesia wishes to reaffirm its support towards the Security Council Resolution 1325 in 2000 as the first resolution that specifically addresses the impact of war on women, and women's contributions to conflict resolution and sustainable peace. The follow-up Security Council resolutions on women, peace and security also provide a milestone for the protection and empowerment measures for women in the special situation of conflict.
Indonesia commends the adoption of the Agreed Conclusion of the 57th Session of the Commission on the Status of Women, last month, as a manifestation ofinter-governmental efforts that have been made by countries under the UN framework. The agreement reached on the agreed conclusion is a step forward in strengthening countries' commitment to tackle violence against women and girls.
The Agreed Conclusion of CSW provides a clear and strong message. Violence against women and girls committed in armed conflict and post conflict situations are strongly condemned; sexual and gender-based violence that affects victims, families, communities, and societies are recognized; and effective measures of accountability and redress as well as effective remedies are required.
Indonesia’s National Action Plan on Human Rights serves as a strong platform of our commitment to eliminateand prevent violence against women. A process of drafting a Presidential Decree is also ongoing as a legal basis to formulate a national action plan on the implementation of resolution 1325. When completed, the action plan, among others, will cover all phases of the peace process from prevention to conflict termination as well as recovery from social conflict.
Indonesia wishes to highlight some of the main challenges in our efforts to eliminate and further prevent violence against women, including sexual violence: first, insufficient gender-sensitive policies; second, inadequate implementation of legal and policy frameworks; third, inadequate collection of data-analysis-and research; fourth, lack of financial and human resources and insufficient allocation of such resources; and fifth, comprehensive, consistent, sustained, transparent, and adequately monitored and evaluated efforts.
The afore mentioned gaps have yet to be fulfilled by States, as the bearer of primary responsibility in addressing the issue of violence against women and its impact, in order to translate commitments into practical approaches and actions on the ground, to fashion more compassionate responses for victims, to pursue more aggressive prosecutions of the perpetrators, and to create more secure communities and environments.
With its multifold economic, social, and cultural consequences, sexual violence in conflict hampers not only women and men victims, but also their families and communities. Therefore, Indonesia supports the Six-Points Priority Agenda established by the former and current Special Representative for Sexual Violence in Conflict.
To conclude, Indonesia would like to reiterate the importance for the international community, including United Nations as the key stakeholder, to join hands and provide support for States to address the remaining gaps and tackling the gravity of the situation. Indonesiaalso urges all parties of conflicts to comply with the international humanitarian and human rights law.
I thank you.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
325 East 38th Street, New York, NY, 10016, USA
Tel: 1.212.972.8333, Fax: 1.212.972.9780 - www.indonesiamission-ny.org