H.E. Ambassador Yusra Khan
Deputy Permanent Representative
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia
to the United Nations
Joint Debate on the Reports of the Peacebuilding Commission
and the Peacebuilding Fund
(Agenda items 31 and 107)
New York March 26, 2013
Let me begin by thanking H.E. Ambassador Vilovic for presenting the PBC annual report. I wish to also express my deep appreciation to the previous PBC Chair, H.E Ambassador Momen along with the present as well as previous Chairpersons of the six country configurations and the Working Group on Lessons Learned for their very valuable work.
Indonesia associates itself with the statement by Tunisia on behalf of the NAM Caucus of the PBC.
We also thank ASG Judy Cheng-Hopkins for her leadership and her work together with her able PBSO team in supporting the Commission’s work and administering the Peacebuilding Fund (PBF).
Indonesia welcomes the 2012 PBC annual report, outlining many important developments and achievements by the PBC and its mechanisms during the year.
We felicitate all PBC Members as well as other stakeholders, especially in the government and civil society of the six Agenda Countries, whose tackling of challenges and successes have been essential to the conclusion of the report before us.
While many persistent and emerging challenges remain, the PBC continues to make progress, as a unique global platform, garnering political and financial resources with collaboration from an expanding array of actors.
The Commission neither posses its own finances nor its calls are binding. Yet its gradual but concrete achievements for the Agenda Countries and sharpening of focus on key global post-conflict themes over the past six years are a testament to both the drive of its members and support from the UN system and partners.
This backing, particularly from the Security Council and General Assembly, is critical for the Commission in the undertaking of its mandates, and we hope that it will be strengthened further.
From providing support, inter alia, for the launching of a national reconciliation strategy in Liberia, to successful conduct of elections in Sierra Leone, and support for resource mobilization, reinforcing the new poverty reduction strategy in Burundi, the PBC’s ground impact has improved in the past year.
However, we concur with the observation in the 2012 report that without broader, more vigorous and continued national commitment and leadership, as well as efforts to address root causes of instability, the Commission’s political accompaniment will be rendered ineffective.
In this regard, we underline the imperative for well supported and nationally owned and comprehensive peacebuilding.
With this in mind, allow me, Mr. President, to share some of our points, as follows:
First, Indonesiawill steadfastly support the PBC in continuing to implement its road map of actions, especially on strengthening of partnerships for both marshaling of resources and capacity building.
In this context, we support the conclusion by the Working Group on Lessons Learned that the PBC could identify a few influential foundations and private companies in the areas of recurring priorities in the Agenda Countries and engage with them. The Burundi partners’ conference, for example, has provided some recent positive examples. The PBC policy task force on engagement with private sector, which was facilitated by our delegation in 2008, had come up with some recommendations, which we believe could be very useful in forging collaboration with philanthropic organizations and companies.
We also concur with the report that drawing on country-specific experience, the PBC together with actors such as the World Bank, the UN in-country presence, could identify specific examples of collaboration that could be scaled up and broadened.
We believe that in addition to fostering the sharing of countries’ experiences and lessons, the PBC should also advance discussion on how capacity-building can be better enabled for the six Agenda Countries that need it with practical models of engagement under the UN civilian capacity’s initiative. Such projects through South-South and triangular cooperation, operationalized in collaboration with the Steering Committee would also help to assess the review outcomes and build them further.
Second, the PBC’s call forgreater integrationbetween peacebuilding and development objectives in the instruments of engagement among the different UN and non-UN actors is very important. Leveraging of efforts would improve coherence, resource allocation, and results. It will also simplify reporting and other procedural work for national authorities of post-conflict countries. This would help to strengthen national ownership as well as better align external support behind national priorities on peacebuilding and development.
Third, the 2010 review of peacebuilding architecture noted the lack of strong political support from capitals, as one of the reasons for less effective impact by the PBC in the field. We welcome the first PBC high level event last year on the theme “Peacebuilding: the way towards sustainable peace and security”, organized under Bangladesh’s leadership. More institutionalized and regular annual session of the Organizational Committee would serve to bolster support and coordination with capitals, enhancing the Commission’s work.
Turning to the report of the Secretary General on Peacebuilding Fund (PBF), I would like to first appreciate the PBSO, as the Fund’s administrator, on improving performance of the Fund’s activities and deepening the Fund’s interface with the PBC.
We support the Fund’s two priority settings, namely in immediate post-conflict or post-political crisis environments, and in countries where it can make longer term grants. We note that the PBC Agenda Countries received 40% of the Fund’s 2012 allocation. While we are mindful of the factors behind this allocation that are mentioned in the report, we want to stress that it is vital that the Fund prioritizes countries on the agenda of the PBC, as stated by the Secretary-General in the report.
We wish to reiterate the importance to explore the potential of taking a good advantage of the role of the Peacebuilding Fund, apart from exploring the South-South and Triangular cooperation, particularly in supporting the civilian capacities from the Global South and those having similar experience in transition, to assist the national authorities, upon their request.
In closing, Indonesia underlines the importance of a comprehensive and properly supported approach to mitigating conflicts. On our part, we are determined to continue our contribution to further the efforts by the PBC and PBF to building lasting peace.
I thank you, Mr. President.
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