Mr. Fikry Cassidy
the Representation of the Indonesian Delegation
Agenda Item 118 (a):
Strengthening of the United Nations System –
Report of the Secretary General on Review of Civilian Capacity in the Aftermath of Conflict (A/67/312)
New York, 17 December 2012
We thank you for convening this important debate on the Report of the Secretary-General on Civilian Capacity in the Aftermath of Conflict, A/67/312.
The building of effective national institutions and capacities in post-conflict countries has to be a comprehensive and collaborative undertaking, and Indonesia welcomes this discussion here, in the General Assembly and including in particular in the Fifth Committee, and the C-34 as well as the Peacebuilding Commission (PBC).
We align ourselves with the statement by Tunisia, as the Coordinator of NAM Caucus on Peacebuilding.
Following the General Assembly resolution 66/255, the Secretary General’s report before us is a welcome follow-up. Many of his observations and measures will hopefully serve to strengthen the UN system’s role in supporting the capacities of conflict-affected countries.
My delegation would like to present some of its views on the various issues in the report, as follows:
First, we fully agree that without nationally owned transformation of institutions that provide political representation, security, justice and economic opportunities, there can be no sustained recovery from conflict.
For this, a constant effort is required to make the domestic institutions and governance strong and accountable before the citizens.
At the same time, it is essential that countries are given the necessary policy space and an enabling environment.
The fostering of national dialogue with all national stakeholders, including civil society and women should be encouraged.
Indonesia’s hard work of nation-building and democratic transition has been constantly involving efforts to resolve conflicts in a peaceful manner as well as promote reconciliation. We witnessed the critical importance of building our national capacity and core government functions.
Since 1999, our country has been re-building itssystem in a gradual manner. We made sure every election was carried out right, and that every vote counts. We persistently pushed for policy reforms. Our country managed to over-comeevery trials and tribulation that stood in our path as well as sort out each of its conflicts one by one, peacefully. Indeed, today Indonesia has been blessed with a strong democracy, vibrant civil society and a reasonably sound economic growth.
In this context, any international blueprint for supports for national capacity development in post-conflict countries must be fully aligned with nationally identified priorities. Thus, we look forward to receiving the outcome of the revision of the integrated mission planning process guidelines, which is currently under way to reflect to changing national priorities relating to capacity development.
Second, while the newly launched online tool of CAPMATCH and other ways to better enable matching needed civilian capacities are important and Indonesia supports work in that regard, the UN civilian capacity agenda must also exert greater focus on the aspect of adequate and sustained financing that helps to broaden, deepen as well as draw civilian capacities from the Global South.
In this regard, Indonesia has provided information on the availability of its civilian capacities to the CAPMATCH in the fields of core government functionality, economic revitalization, as well as basic security, offering the expertise of the Indonesian national police.
Our support for this initial phase of the online platform, among others, stems from our confidence on the importance of enhanced transparency and equal opportunity for countries from the Global South and those having gone through transitional democracy to contribute to the national capacity development of post-conflict countries, in accordance with the national ownership principle.
We also recognize that the various UN departments working in the area of post-conflict peacebuilding, conflict resolutions, including mediation as well as human rights, are currently making use of their rosters of civilian experts. It would be useful to have condensed information about those different rosters and their composition in the CAPMATCH web portal as well.
We are optimistic that this platform, when transparently managed, along with proper oversight by Member States, has the potential for achieving success.
Such oversight, among others pertains to the need to avoid duplication and overlap with any existing mechanisms as well as ensure that more robust vetting procedure with regard to participations from NGOs, or any other non-government entities.
Third, we would also have liked the report to elaborate ways for the UN system to support and to draw capacities from the Global South through enhanced regional, South-South and Triangular cooperation.
There should also be an active and transparent dialogue among Member States and the relevant UN and non-UN actors on how to better facilitate the needed financing for civilian capacities and institutions as well as for other peacebuilding purposes.
In this context, Indonesia has been underscoring the role by the Peacebuilding Fund to also support the developing countries in their efforts to assist post-conflict countries in their national capacity development.
We hope that the future report by the Secretary General on civilian capacities would also identify some concrete ways on how the UN can assist developing countries and regional organizations in better identifying and preparing their capacities for civilian capacities deployment.
Fourth,Indonesia strongly supports the advisory role by the PBC and its Country Configurations in national capacity development of countries emerging from conflict, in particular countries under the Commission’s agenda.
We look forward to having a regular and an in-depth discussion on how the PBC can best identify the needed capacities for countries under its agenda, in strict compliance with the national ownership principle.
Fifth,we would also appreciate more information on the work by the inter-agency working group led by the UNDP to develop principles and guidelines for better using and developing national capacity, and how does it link to in drawing capacity, which will potentially be increasingly available through CAPMATCH.
We call on the Working Group to also start interaction with the PBC and wider UN Member States in the context of the civilian capacities review.
Finally, we emphasize that the review must at all times be conducted in full consultation with the UN Member States, soliciting views and ideas from all relevant UN and non-UN actors. In this regard, the perspectives of regional organizations are also very pertinent.
Indonesia, together with Norway and supported by the UN civilian capacity team, held the first regional consultation on strengthening partnership of civilian capacity in the aftermath of conflict in March this year in Bali. The consultation raised awareness of civilian capacity issues among the regional stakeholders, and served to strengthen partnerships between the UN, countries in the region and other actors on deploying effective and demand-led civilian capacities.
You may be aware that more regional consultations have been held in Africa and Arab regions, co-convened with the respective regional organisations.
Such dialogue and sharing of diverse experiences is extremely important to ensure that the UN system of enabling civilian capacities is engendered in response to the countries’ needs on ground and with the widest international support.
On its part, Indonesia is determined to continue to support steps, which tangibly assist the countries in their journey of recovery and sustainable peace.
I thank you, Mr. President.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
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