H.E. Ambassador Yusra Khan
Deputy Permanent Representative
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations
Security Council Open Debate:
Secretary-General’s Report on Peacebuilding in the Aftermath of Conflict
New York December 20, 2012
I thank you for convening this important open debate on post-conflict peacebuilding, and the report of the Secretary-General on Peacebuilding in the Aftermath of Conflict, S/2012/746.
I would also like to thank the Secretary-General for his remarks and his report, detailing the achievements by the UN in the area of post-conflict peacebuilding since his last progress report on the subject in 2010.
My delegation thanks H.E. Ambassador Momen, our current PBC Chair on his useful statement, as well as, Ms. Judy-Cheng Hopkins, ASG for PBSO on her comprehensive briefing.
Indonesia aligns with the statement made by Iran on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement.
We commend the Secretary-General and his team for the progress made on what is a dynamic and difficult global agenda of helping the conflict-affected countries navigate their peace and development. Yet a more intensive and constant effort by the UN and international community is required to deepen the impact on ground, and strengthen the countries’ capacities and institutions so that they can consolidate peace effectively.
Although there has been significant advancement on the implementation of the 2009 agenda for action in peacebuilding, advancement on the seven-point plan action plan for gender-responsive peacebuilding has been modest.
As mentioned in the report, post-conflict countries often continue to experience instability years after the end of armed conflict with high levels of relapse into violence. This is a deeply concerning situation.
The success by post-conflict countries depends predominantly on the quality of their nationally identified and nationally owned and driven peacebuilding. At the same time, this quality, in large measure, depends on the support from a robust and responsive global peacebuilding architecture.
Indonesia is thus pleased that the Peacebuilding Commission (PBC), as a key entity in global peacebuilding, has been making important strides to advocate on post-conflict issues, and make the support to its agenda countries more coherent, adequate and sustainable.
Peacebuilding has to be a collective and collaborative endeavour with full support to the PBC in the performance of its mandate by all UN principal organs.
Indonesia since its first became member of the Commission in 2006 has been fully supporting the UN peacebuilding agenda in post conflict countries, and will continue to contribute to help the Commission play its role.
While concurring with the Secretary General’s recommendations to the PBC, I wish to make the following additional observations:
First, the emphasis on advancing the national ownership principle throughout the report is very important.
As underscored by President Yudhono in his remarks in September this year, the sense of ownership in peacebuilding is critical. We have to ensure that when we are supporting countries’ peacebuilding efforts, we get to know better the needs and aspirations of all stakeholders.
To foster ownership, nationally identified priorities must be the blueprint of international support. Indonesia supports the Secretary General’s observation on the need for the PBC to strengthen its strategy of promoting coherence and alignment of donors with national peacebuilding plans.
Second, effective peacebuilding is one, which unlocks the potential for economic progress and development. To that end, the assistance by the UN system and relevant bilateral, regional and multilateral partners is crucial.
To adequately assist post-conflict countries, the multi-sourced international support framework necessitates close coordination and collaboration among its actors. The PBC’s recommendations in this regard can play a vital role.
We also believe that the support framework requires a more transparent and accountable processes. We can testify to the significance of this, particularly with our experience of engagement in the context of bringing peace to Aceh after decades of conflict there.
Third, I would like us to continue to explore all available avenues in garnering support. My delegation is heartened that the Secretary General has also encouraged the Commission to engage with foundations and private sector.
As some of you may be aware, Indonesia in 2008 facilitated a PBC policy task force on partnering with traditional and non-traditional private sector with recommendations in its outcome document.
Some of those are reflected in the 2012 PBC Roadmap of Action, the development of which will serve to broad-base resources and partnerships for post-conflict peacebuilding.
Fourth, we fully support the call for the Security Council and the PBC to build on the debates and interactive dialogues such as this one. Timely advice and view from the PBC to the Council enriches Council’s actions.
The valuable knowledge and insights developed at the PBC and PBSO should be drawn by other principal and sub-organs, UN agencies and departments as well.
We should not be hesitant to draw on advantages of one another.
Fifth, Indonesia supports the UN’s focus on enhancing participation of women in peacebuilding. We commend the Security Council on adopting the landmark resolution 1325 in 2000. We expect that the seven-point plan action plan for gender-responsive peacebuilding will be implemented tangibly.
Indonesia is determined to furthering the participation of women in post-conflict peacebuilding at home, in the region and at the international level.
The increased participation by women in peacebuilding must go beyond fulfilling quotas, and should also focus on bolstering capacity-building support for women participation in particularly the developing countries.
In this context, we also underline drawing on available capacities of women civilian experts of Global South in the UN global civilian capacities system being currently developed.
As the world’s third largest democracy, which has traversed its own transition to a well-functioning peaceful state, Indonesia bears witness to the different challenges and opportunities in building peace.
We have directly seen the fruit of national capacity development. We have achieved major national reforms, including in the rule of law, governance, human rights, political processes, elections, media development, civil society and women participation.
Finally, I would like to reiterate Indonesia’s unwavering support to the PBC in helping it to undertake robust and responsive actions on the needs of the affected countries.
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