Ambassador Desra Percaya
Permanent Representative of the Republic of Indonesia
Introduction on the adoption of the Draft Resolution
on Civilian Capacity in the Aftermath of Conflict
at the Plenary Meeting of the General Assembly
March 16, 2012
It is a privileged for me to speak and introduce, on behalf of Canada and Indonesia as well as all other co-sponsors, the draft resolution on “Civilian Capacity in the Aftermath of Conflict”, before the General Assembly today.
This draft resolution has been extensively discussed among Member States, in series of open-ended informal consultations as well as informal-informal meetings among wider interested delegations.
Indonesia and Canada wish to profoundly thank all delegations for their continued support and constructive engagement throughout the process of consultations of this draft.
Now, more than ever before, we bear witness of the importance of effective and timely civilian deployment in fragile and post-conflict situations.
Readily deployed and skilled civilian capacities and resilient institutions are vital tobuild and sustain peace. However, building capable and accountable national institutions requires effective international civilian capacity to support national recovery.
This in turn, requires effective partnerships between the UN and Member States as well as other relevant stakeholders, including civil society and regional organization, to deploy more effective, demand-led civilian capacities.
This resolution lays down a clear and viable political framework, which has the potential for the stakeholders: Member States, UN system entities, regional and sub-regional organisations along with others, work synergistically to enabling effective civilian capacities in post-conflict countries that require them.
The draft resolution before us today, stresses, among others,the following key elements; the need for fully respecting the principle of national ownership, enhanced cooperation, and inclusive processes towards developing civilian capacities and expertise.
Allow me to elaborate the above-mentioned elements;
First,in highlighting the centrality of national ownership as the fundamental principle in peacebuilding, our focus should be to better support the development of homegrown capacities in conflict-affected countries fully respecting their nationally identified priorities. In order for national ownership of civilian capacity to develop in a meaningful way, it must be nationally identified, owned and driven.
Second,on inclusive processes, the draft calls for the need to establish close consultations and collaboration between Member States and the UN system, aimed at broadening and deepening the pool of experts, particularly from the Global South and women. Countries with relevant experience in post-conflict peacebuilding or democratic transition also house the pool of civilian experts which can be readily mobilized.
The importance of coordination and collaboration with widest stakeholders to ensure that the United Nations and other relevant partners engender partnerships that nurture nascent capabilities in conflict-affected countries cannot be understated.
This resolution in this regards mandates the regular consultation through the General Assembly and its subsidiary bodies, including the Peacebuilding Commission and Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations as well as the Fifth Committee.
It further calls forthe Secretary General to continue to daw on all relevant expertise, in particular that of field practitioners, in the development of initiatives to support national capacities.
Third,with regard to enhanced partnership, there is the need for clarifying and synergizing the UN system of harnessing available global capacities and matching them effectively to civilian gaps is equally essential, in parallel with efforts to establish demand-driven local and national capacities.
The resolution, in this regard, stresses the need for enhanced regional, South – South and triangular Cooperation, thereby encouraging new and intensifying existing international cooperation for the provision of civilian expertise.
Let me now conclude by reiterating sincerely our gratitude to many delegations who have demonstrated their profound interest and overwhelming support for this important issue.
I would be remised if I did not thank Canada for the effective and constructive partnership in jointly steering this process. Indonesia is grateful for its fervent support and vital role throughout the whole process, displaying an effective cross-regional partnership.
It is the hope of Indonesia and Canada along with many other countries that this draft resolution succeeds in a manner that it deserves to and that it will be adopted by consensus.
I thank you Mr. President.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
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