MINISTER OF ENVIRONMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA,
H.E. RACHMAT WITOELAR
THE INTERACTIVE ROUNDTABLE
CLIMATE CHANGE SUMMIT
New York, 22 September 2009, Pukul 11.00-13.00 (CR-8)
Excellencies, President of Austria and President of Senegal,
Indonesia would like to express its appreciation to both of you in facilitating our deliberation today.
The countdown to Copenhagen has begun. We are now just have only 75 days to reach an agreement. We should seize a golden opportunity to address the global need for sustainable growth and equity that are compatible with an effective climate change regime.
We need to seal a climate deal that is both ambitious and guided by science. In that deal, it is the historic responsibility of developed countries to make deep cuts in their emissions and give full support to the most vulnerable as they adapt to the impact of climate change.
Let’s not forget that poverty is still the greatest challenge in developing countries. Hence, equitable economic growth remains their overriding priority. They must continue to carry out their climate-related activities in the context of sustainable development.
Unfortunately, financial constraints and the limited human and institutional capacities of developing countries stand in the way of development. Their institutions must be enhanced and their capacities must be built up so that they can effectively address the many complex issues of development. A mechanism that ensures technology transfer should therefore be established. And pledges of financial help must be fulfilled.
The litmus test to the success of the Copenhagen meeting will be whether it gives due attention 100% to the green development aspirations of developing countries while bringing 100% about deep cuts in the emissions of developed countries.
Copenhagen should be able to send to the world the splendid message that a new level of cooperation in the climate regime has been set. It is also critical that the Copenhagen meeting achieves balance among the pillars of the Bali Action Plan: shared vision, mitigation, adaptation, finance, technology transfer and capacity building.
Meanwhile at the national level, we in Indonesia have just launched the Indonesia Climate Change Trust Fund (ICCTF) to address Indonesia’s emerging and immediate needs with respect to climate change. The Fund will pool and coordinate grants but will also catalyze investments and other sources of funds to bridge the gap between financial needs and national budget capacities. This will boost our efforts to achieve energy efficiency and promote sustainable agriculture and forestry are taking roots nationally.
Indonesia has made climate change a key priority in Indonesia’s national budget for 2010, reaching half a billion dollars.
At the same time we are making sure that our pursuit of a low carbon economy does not hamper economic development. Our efforts to address the issue of climate change must be in accordance with our unique national circumstances.
That is why, as the world’s largest archipelago, Indonesia, along with six other neighbouring countries, has initiated the Coral Triangle Initiative, an effort to preserve the wealth of marine resources that are called the Amazon of the Oceans.
And that is why we attach great importance to the ocean dimensions of climate change. Integrated coastal and ocean management and the adaptation of oceans to the impact of climate change will help bring about climate stability, sustainable development and a better life for coastal and small island populations.
On the whole, whether we can craft a climate regime that works for all humankind will be seen in Copenhagen. The moment of truth is fast approaching. We must prepare ourselves for it.
I thank you.
SUBSTANTIVE INTERVENTIONS FOR THE FIVE CORE POLITICAL ISSUES OUTLINED IN SECRETARY GENERAL BACKGROUND PAPER
Adaptation Action to assist the poorest and most vulnerable to adapt to the inevitable impacts of climate change:
1. The adverse impact of climate change is happening today. We cannot delay immediate action. The most vulnerable to the adverse impact of climate change are those that are least equipped to adapt. The global adaptation measures should encompass all developing countries. Priority should be given to vulnerable groups and vulnerable sectors based on national circumstances in developing countries such LDCs and Africa.
2. All of us should acknowledge the historical responsibility contributing to global warming. It should be translated to real commitment that provides the most vulnerable to adapt to the impacts.
3. The commitment to mobilize financial resources that are new, additional, adequate, predictable and sustainable should be fulfilled. The mechanism that ensures such an objective should be established in Copenhagen.
4. We are at the point of no return to address this global challenge. All of us should put this issue as a matter of priority in our national development strategies, supported by a national budget.
Ib(1): Ambitious mid-term mitigation targets by developed countries
5. Global efforts to enhance action to address climate change should be ambitious and should be based on recent scientific evidence. The IPCC report clearly stated that the action on climate change has to ensure the global average temperatures not exceed 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels in 2050. This scientific finding should inspire us on what we should do to meet that target.
6. In accordance with the Bali Action Plan, there should be a clear distinction in the part of contributions of developed and developing countries in taking action to reduce emissions.
7. All Developed Countries collectively, whether or not Parties to the Kyoto Protocol, must reduce their emissions based on recent scientific findings. Mitigation actions or commitments by developed countries should strengthen the Kyoto Protocol’s quantified commitments and be legally binding in nature. In meeting this objective, developed countries must reduce their emissions by at least 45 per cent below 1990 levels by 2020 and by at least than 85 per cent below their 1990 levels by 2050.
8. Copenhagen should establish the mechanism that ensures comparability of developed countries efforts to reduce emission. This should reflect the historical responsibility and current capabilities. This also should take into consideration national circumstances and the need to maintain economic growth.
9. It should be noted that a midterm target is vital to provide direction to the world economy. Let us not forget that part of the equation in addressing climate change is the private sector. They can be encouraged to be part of a green economy if there are clear policies to ensure return on their investment.
Ib(II): Supported actions by developing countries to slow the growth of their emission
10. The commitment of developing countries is clear to address climate change. This commitment is well reflected in the Bali Action Plan.
11. Nationally appropriate mitigation actions by developing countries that are measurable, reportable and verifiable in the context of sustainable development should be truly supported and enabled by technology, finance and capacity building in a measurable, reportable and verifiable manner. This should be voluntary in nature.
12. It should take into account social and economic conditions and the right to development to achieve sustained economic growth and eradicate poverty for developing countries.
13. The development pattern of developing countries should envisage a low carbon economy. It will happen if there is measurable support from partners. This will contribute substantially to reduce future emission at the atmosphire.
14. Efforts at reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries (REDD) will amount to nothing if resources are not mobilized for that purpose. Nor can we effectively address the larger issues of climate change and poverty if we are not able to generate sufficient resources to support our endeavours.
15. Various donor countries have pledged resources to address this issue including UN-REDD funded by the government of Norway.
16. These resources are intended to launch pilot projects for early action to reduce emissions from deforestation and degradation in developing countries while we await the conclusion of a post-2012 agreement. Much more is needed to encourage speedy implementation of this particular action. REDD activites could be funded through market or non-market mechanisms.
17. International support for these activities should not be merely a way of offsetting emissions by Annex I countries. It should not justify or make up for any failure on their part to reduce domestic emissions. It should be part of a global effort to address a problem that confronts us all.
Financial, Technology and Capacity Building
18. The current level of resources for climate change, technology and capacity of developing countries are insufficient to address climate change.
19. The Copenhagen conference should resonate the commitment to establish concrete arrangements or mechanisms by developed countries for financial resources, technology transfer and capacity building to enable developing countries to take nationally appropriate mitigation and adaptation actions in the context of sustainable development.
20. Having appropriate mechanisms in place would contribute significantly in the engagement of developing countries to take nationally appropriate mitigation actions. Those elements are the most crucial elements to “seal the deal” in Copenhagen. Doing business as usual in these areas is not an option.
21. On the transfer of technology, all barriers to the effective transfer of technology should be removed. The Copenhagen should reflect the need to establish the mechanism that ensures the deployment and transfer of technology. The Intellectual Property (IPR) regime should function as an incentive for deployment and innovation of new technology. At the same time the IPR regime should not be an obstacle and add additional burdens to the transfer of technology to developing countries.
Institutional arrangements and governance structures that address the needs of developing countries
22. A financial mechanism to address both mitigation and adaptation should function under the authority of the Convention. This should be a legally binding commitment of developed countries and not an act of charity.
23. The financial resources should be new, additional, and predictable to effectively mitigate and adapt to the adverse impact of climate change. Financial resources should be over and above ODA and should be on a grant basis.
24. This mechanism must be guided by the principle of transparency, inclusiveness, efficiency and effectiveness. The equitable and balanced representation of all developing countries must be ensured. All developing countries should be eligible to the financial resources with special attention to the need of the most vulnerable countries in particular to LDCs.
25. Indonesia underlines that the public sector should be a major sources of funds, while market mechanisms and other private sector sources would play an important complementary role in addressing climate change.
26. Concrete arrangements should be made for financial resources to enable developing countries to take nationally appropriate mitigation and adaptation actions in the context of sustainable development.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
325 East 38th Street, New York, NY, 10016, USA
Tel: 1.212.972.8333, Fax: 1.212.972.9780 - www.indonesiamission-ny.org