H.E. Ambassador Rezlan Ishar Jenie
Director General of Multilateral Affairs
Department of Foreign Affairs
of the Republic of Indonesia
At 33rd Annual Meeting of the Ministers
for Foreign Affairs of the Group of 77
New York, 25 September 2009
As we meet today, the world remains in the grip of an economic recession due to a global financial crisis. At the same time, our prospects for development and for long term survival are threatened by climate change. The prices of food and energy remain high and unstable. As if these challenges were not enough, we are also threatened by a pandemic of H1N1 influenza.
Even on our most developed country partners these global challenges, especially the economic and financial crisis, have inflicted severe economic, social and even political impact. For many of us in the developing world, this is like walking on a tightrope. One misstep could be fatal.
We have had to bring down our development ambitions and adjust our MDG targets. The poor and other vulnerable sectors of our societies have taken the brunt of this crisis. For their sake, we in the Group of 77 and China have strengthened our cooperation and solidarity. We have become even stronger advocates of partnership and multilateralism.
We vigorously addressed these global challenges during the United Nations Conference on the world financial and economic crisis and its impact on development. We demonstrated our commitment to the quest for equitable and feasible solutions to global development challenges.
Now we need to ensure the faithful implementation of the outcome of that Conference, as it can greatly help developing countries mitigate the impact of the global financial and economic crisis, especially on human development.
We must translate into reality the ideas we discussed on strengthening the world financial economic architecture under the auspices of the United Nations, as stipulated by the outcome. This will bolster the UN’s role in international financial and economic norm-setting and cooperation.
Thus in the first half of 2009—we in the G-77 and China, as individual nations, as members of regional organizations and as practitioners of multilateralism— have taken earnest measures to address the financial and economic crisis. We have done what we could to sustain the cause of development.
As we head towards the end of the year, we need to show the same commitment and perseverance in confronting another global challenge: climate change. It is imperative that the international community reach an agreement in Copenhagen. There we cannot afford to fail.
We must achieve a comprehensive outcome that strikes a balance between development and the imperatives of climate stability. An agreement that is effective, equitable, flexible and faithful to the Bali Roadmap. One that is based on the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities.
In that effort, we in the G-77 and China will have a chance to prove that we are reliable partners not just in development but also in the protection of the planet.
For Indonesia, being the world’s largest archipelago, we believe that oceans just as with forests contribute significantly to climate stability through sustainable and integrated coastal and ocean management. These efforts will not only adapt our marine resources to climate change, they will also bring a better life for developing countries especially to small island populations. Hence, the issue of oceans in our view must be integral component of the G-77 Ministerial Declaration.
Those issues I mentioned are only a few of the priorities that the Group must address. When we have achieved that, we will still have a long way to go. We will continue to face difficult and complex problems of development. But I am sure we will rise to the challenge—if we realize the following:
First, the unity in diversity of G77 and China has long been our strength and distinction. In the past, we have adopted the least common denominator as a way of keeping our unity. That approach is sensible but it does not help us push for global policies that support our development. We must now adopt a fresh approach that considers the bigger development picture, while maintaining our unity.
Second, since the challenges we face are global, we must also address them globally. We must address them in all avenues and in all forums available. We must work hard for our shared development goals whenever and wherever there is an opportunity.
Third, we must establish a strong partnership with our development partners in the North on the basis of mutual interest and mutual responsibility. We must not only seek support for our positions. We must also close the divide between the positions of the developed and developing world.
Fourth, we need a clear and targeted agenda that will make it easier for us to formulate strategies and set ultimate development goals. We should set annual programs that will serve as building blocks for the totality of what we wish to accomplish.
Last, we must strengthen South-South cooperation. There are already many remarkable success stories of South-South cooperation among our member states. We need more of these. The more we have of them, the stronger is our Group.
Indonesia is committed to fostering a world that promotes stability, prosperity and fairness. To this end, You may rest assured Indonesia will promote the interest of the developing world in all forums.
I thank you.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
325 East 38th Street, New York, NY, 10016, USA
Tel: 1.212.972.8333, Fax: 1.212.972.9780 - www.indonesiamission-ny.org