Mrs. Dewi Savitri Wahab
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia
to the United Nations
At the Sixteenth Session of
High-level Committee on South South Cooperation
New York, 4 February 2010
At the outset I would like to congratulate you on your election. I am confident that with your able leadership this session will arrive to a successful conclusion and reach a concrete outcome.
I associate Indonesia’s statement with the distinguished representative of Yemen speaking on behalf of the Group of 77 and China.
The Buenos Aires Plan of Action (BAPA) set in motion a wide range of development initiatives determined and implemented by developing countries through south-south cooperation.
Three decades after the inception of the BAPA, the pace of exchanges in the south has been increasing at an unprecedented rate.
We are finally seeing the fruits of our labor seen by a shift from limited exchanges of technical expertise to a growing recognition for the South’s capacity to be one of the engines of growth for development.
The economic weight of the south has increased and is better qualified to play an effective role, meriting the South as a full partner in the international economic system.
Yet, despite the south’s success, it is affected by economic shocks, high prices in food and oil, difficulties in attaining the Millennium Development Goals and the impacts of climate change.
It was against this background that the historical UN High Level Conference on South-South cooperation was held in Nairobi, Kenya in December of last year.
The resulting document of the Conference - the Nairobi Outcome document – provides the principles by which the south envisions resolving the traditional and emerging dilemmas it is confronted with.
The main thrust behind the Nairobi Outcome document is a cooperation effort based on solidarity and guided by the principles of respect for national sovereignty and ownership, free of any conditionality.
Through the Nairobi Outcome document, the south seeks to promote south driven initiatives and improve developing countries’ socio-economic situations.
At the same time, we stress that south–south cooperation is a complement to north-south cooperation. As the developing world assumes an ever-more integrated role in the world it will also assume a more integrated role in reaching decisions which requires strengthening in the north-south dimension.
The UN could facilitate channeling sustainable international support as well as shape the organizational modalities that would foster South-South Cooperation.
There should be a more systematic attempt to promote the Nairobi Outcome document and maximize the potential of south-south cooperation by strengthening the UN’s capacity.
In our view, the United Nations Development Program should be at the forefront of promoting the Nairobi Outcome document given its role to promote and strengthen south-south cooperation including triangular cooperation. UNDP is well poised in assisting the South to develop a specific framework in order to more effectively monitor the implementation of the Outcome document.
My delegation is also pleased to note that more UN agencies and organizations are working towards mainstreaming south-south cooperation in their respective areas. We are encouraged and applaud these initiatives. However, it is also crucial to undertake the various programs in a coherent manner to avoid any fragmentation.
For the south, we are ready to have a comprehensive dialogue on how south-south cooperation could be implemented in an effective manner with the support of developed partners and UN agencies.
To move ahead requires that the south move beyond traditional areas of cooperation. We all stand to benefit from the know-how we have acquired to withstand systemic problems stemming from finance, food and energy security. In the future, we should also include climate change; even other areas such as peace building, transnational organized crime, and democracy. And here is where the UN could inject its support to elevate the south-south agenda into a higher level of cooperation.
For Indonesia, empowering the South and promoting south-south cooperation has always been of strategic importance.
In the spirit of the BAPA, we have implemented various training and educating programs for tens of thousands participants in the area of SMEs, investment, agriculture, microfinance, women empowerment, renewable energies, fish aqua culture, democracy, disaster risk management, just to name a few.
At the regional level, through ASEAN, we are advancing our cooperation so that all ASEAN Members could benefit from sharing its growth. For this reason, Indonesia has been building the ASEAN Community with 9 other member countries through the three mutually reinforcing pillars of the ASEAN Political-Security Community; Economic Community; and Socio-Cultural Community to realize the region’s shared aspiration of durable peace, stability and prosperity.
At the inter-regional level, with South Africa, we launched the New Asian-African Strategic Partnership (NAASP) in 2005, serving as a framework to bridge Asia and Africa covering political solidarity, economic cooperation and socio-cultural relations.
We are now advancing our South Cooperation with eleven countries blessed by abundant tropical rainforest within the umbrella of Forest Eleven/F-11. The 11 countries from the south are committed to promote dialogue and strengthen cooperation in sustainable forest management, including protection, restoration, and increase our effort to prevent forest degradation.
Last year we celebrated the south’s coming of age at the 30th anniversary of the BAPA. It was a momentous occasion for the south as the world gave recognition for its important role. We must be able to maintain this vital momentum.
Be assured that Indonesia stands ready to work with the Committee to ensure that developing countries can continue to share their growth and strengthen their capacity to face the profound changes in the world today.
For this, we continue to invite developing countries to make full use of the NAM Training Center and will pursue the implementation of the New Asian-African Strategic Partnership implemented since 2005 from the Asia-Africa Conference Jubilee.
Indonesia will also continue to use other international forums such as G20 to call upon the developed countries and the international community to facilitate the needs of the South.
I thank you Mr. President.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
325 East 38th Street, New York, NY, 10016, USA
Tel: 1.212.972.8333, Fax: 1.212.972.9780 - www.indonesiamission-ny.org