H. E. Ambassador Yusra Khan
Deputy Permanent Representative of Indonesia / Vice President
of the Executive Board of UNDP, UNFPA and UNOPS
at the 2nd Regular Session of the Executive Board (UNDP Segment)
New York, 5 September 2012
Allow me to begin by expressing my appreciation to Ms. Helen Clark for her statement and for highlighting the important developing discourse dealing with global development cooperation, particularly the outcome of Rio+20 and the post-2015 agenda.
In the last decade, we have witnessed the world economy double its growth from USD$ 34 trillion to over USD$ 64 trillion today. Many countries have attained middle-income status. However, the international community must not lose sight of the fact that some of these MICs continue to wrestle with old problems. They are still adversely affected by poverty, hunger, huge populations, insufficient educational opportunities, the unmet needs of vulnerable groups, and limited institutional capacity.
Within this context, the unique challenges facing developing countries must be factored into programming arrangements by the UNDP, especially with regard to the allocation of its resources and the eligibility of Member States to receive its assistance. These considerations play a critical role in determining the global physical presence of the Programme.
In relation to programming arrangements, I would like to re-emphasize the need for Member States to pay close attention to three main issues. First of all, we need to have consensus on the use of the four-year averaging approach as it corresponds with the timeframe for the programming cycle for each country. Secondly, it is of utmost importance to use the most recent country data as a baseline for decisions on the eligibility and allocation of resources to benefit the economies of Member States. Thirdly, only after a country’s eligibility has been determined by its most recent GNI per-capita should decisions on resource allocation be taken.
Despite the considerable expansion of the world economy, it still has not reached the stage of “strong, balanced and sustainable” growth. The unfolding impact of the global economic crisis has revealed even more clearly the systemic weaknesses in the way the economy is managed and developed. The discrepancy in income per capita between developed and developing countries points in the direction of growing inequity.
We are all aware that the world faces increasing pressures because of the mismatch between population growth and the availability of resources to meet growing human needs. Added to that, climate change in the past 2 decades has worsened – with the earth getting warmer while we struggle to keep the world’s temperature from rising by 2 degrees celsius.
Moreover, our efforts to reach the Millennium Development Goals by 2015 continue to be an uphill struggle. For instance, despite our success in reducing the number of poor people in the world, more than 1 billion people continue to live in poverty.
In spite of these handicaps, we have entered the critical phase of being able to guide global development along a path that will allow us to create a world with a robust economy, equity for all, inclusive social welfare systems and a sustainable global environment.
We will not get there with effortless ease, particularly those of us who dwell in the developing world. But our chances of re-creating the world economy are greatly improved if we make global and multi-stakeholder cooperation for development work more effectively and efficiently on our behalf.
With the number of actors and frameworks in the global development architecture proliferating, the UNDP, with its wide-ranging knowledge and resources, must retain the key role in not only making the global framework and cooperation for development work and deliver results, but in making it work better, more efficiently and more coherently.
Therefore, I would like once again to stress the strategic importance of the upcoming QCPR. It is our belief that the next QCPR should reflect on the work of the UN development system in strengthening efforts to promote sustainable development, namely by reducing poverty, promoting growth with equity, advancing social welfare for all and protecting the environment.
The consultative process of QCPR should address three critical areas of the UN system to deliver effective development results, namely funding, operational activities and the functioning of the system on the whole.
On funding, the critical mass of core funding for UN system funds and programmes must keep pace with international development demands and should not fall below mandated benchmarks. Plans of action and incentive schemes to increase contributions by non-traditional donors and to strengthen domestic funding capacity should be formulated and implemented. Furthermore, because coordinated mobilization of funding resources is necessary, one budgetary framework should be utilized.
Pertaining to operational activities, coherence and coordination should be pursued at all levels and a more integrated or joint framework for planning, budgeting and monitoring should be developed and expanded. To ensure effective delivery at the country level, the United Nations Resident Coordinator system should be strengthened in every way possible.
Given the huge responsibility being placed on the UNDP to ensure effective and efficient delivery of the UN’s operational activities for development, on-going institutional and capacity improvement within the UNDP should be further accelerated.
Thank you, Mr. President.
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