H.E. Mohamad Oemar
Ambassador, Delegation of the Republic of Indonesia
on behalf of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
At the Second Committee
On Agenda Item 55: Globalization and Interdependence
New York, 21 October 2009
Indonesia wishes to take this opportunity to speak on behalf of the ten member countries of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN). We associate ourselves with the statement delivered by Sudan on behalf of the Group of 77 and China.
ASEAN also thanks the Secretary-General for the report which provide a good basis for our deliberations and our work in the committee under the agenda item 55- Globalization and Interdependence.
This session and this agenda item provide us with a timely opportunity to engage in sober reflection on the lessons to be drawn from the recent problems and experiences. Some pertinent conclusions could be taken from the current state of the global economy.
First, globalization of trade and finance requires global cooperation and well coordinated regulatory measures. Yet, to resolve similar events as the multiple crises has implications beyond financial regulation. The UN in this instance is indispensable in extending multilateralism and shaping comprehensive measures in a globalizing world.
Second, solutions to our problems should not be sought in piece meal measures. Neither will any single country or group of countries be able to insulate themselves from the consequences of global problems or hope to succeed without detriment to their own efforts.
This leads to me the third point that the continuing disarray in the world economy is not caused by cyclical factors only but reflects a much more fundamental flaw in the international economic system itself. International structures and mechanisms of trade finance and technology transfers have led to developing countries’ marginalization in world development and international economic decision making processes. What is required is the concerted action of all nations in fashioning a global approach towards solutions, new concepts and improved structures as well as more equitable modalities and mechanisms.
In this context Mr. Chairman, ASEAN continues to cast its strong support to the multilateral approaches the UN system has been formulating to guide reform processes aimed at improving and strengthening the effective functioning of the world economy and financial architecture.
Moreover, ASEAN looks forward to working with other partners to support the UN driven processes including with our partners in the G-20.
In our deliberations regarding globalization and inter-dependence we cannot ignore the role of middle income countries’ (MICs) contribution to global and regional development as well as economic stability.
As with the middle class in individual countries, the middle income countries are a vital segment of the economy. Middle income countries account for two thirds of the world population and close to 40 percent of world gross product.
Most middle income countries have experienced an accelerated integration in the global economy over the past two decades. Through the process of integration MICs have gained greater access to international private capital inflows and expanded their trade flows.
From the financial and economic crisis and beyond, middle income countries have a tremendous potential in the medium to long term to drive new growth in all parts of the world. Yet their diversity also exposes the spectrum of challenges that MICs face. The UN’s engagement in middle income countries is vital and should continue to be promoted.
On the issue of Science and Technology, ASEAN appreciates the progress of activities of the Commission on Science and Technology for Development and of UNCTAD that is of direct relevance to ASEAN.
We note with interest the meeting co-sponsored by the UNCTAD and the Malaysian Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation on the theme of “Global food security: the role of science and technology” held in February this year. The recommendations relating to the development and sharing of new technologies and solutions in the agricultural sector, as well as the wider use of information and communication technologies in agriculture are of universal application. The projected release of the UNCTAD technology and innovation report this November dealing with the role of science, technology and innovation in addressing agricultural productivity and food security is also of particular interest.
Both of these developments find special resonance in our region as food security will be one of the key issues discussed during the 15th ASEAN Summit. In this context, we are also expecting to issue a Statement on ASEAN Plus Three Cooperation on Food Security and Bio-Energy Development.
As part of ASEAN ‘s effort to establish a vibrant and solid regional community, we recognize that it must continue to pursue principles of good governance as envisioned by UNCAC ,which ASEAN member countries are party to.
The adherence to good governance has almost always led to a more positive long-term outcome.
Yet, battling corruption is a long and arduous process, fraught with challenges and obstacles. Nonetheless, ASEAN would like to reiterate its resolve to continue the fight against corruption, and to devote the necessary resources required to support that fight.
Through a Memorandum of Understanding ASEAN has been developing cooperation since 2004 in capacity building, exchanging information and method of eradicating corruption. Combating corruption is also part of the ASEAN Community blueprint under the Political – Security pillar.
In this regard, We would like to thank UNODC and World Bank and support their work on the STAR initiative and ASEAN would also like to extend our appreciation to the Government of Qatar as the host for the Third Session of the Conference of the States Parties to the UN Convention against Corruption. We believe and have high hopes that the States parties will extend their political and commitments into constructive deliberations and negotiations and produce tangible and concrete results.
In closing, let me reemphasize ASEAN’s full commitment to the process of globalization and interdependence.
You can rest assured of our continuing support to you and your Bureau as we tackle these important issues in the coming days.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
325 East 38th Street, New York, NY, 10016, USA
Tel: 1.212.972.8333, Fax: 1.212.972.9780 - www.indonesiamission-ny.org