H.E. Ambassador Yusra Khan
Deputy Permanent Representative
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia
to the United Nations
Security Council Open Debate on the
Report of the Peacebuilding Commission
New York July 12, 2012
I commend you for convening this important open debate on the report of the Peacebuilding Commission.
I would also like to thank the Secretary-General for his remarks. My delegation also thanks H.E Ambassador Richard Gasana and H.E. Ambassador Momen, our respective former and current PBC Chairs, on their useful statements as well as other distinguished briefers for their presentations.
Indonesia aligns itself with the statement by Tunisia on behalf of NAM Caucus of the PBC.
Confronted with multiple challenges, the countries emerging from conflict navigate a critical path – one that can lead to successful rebuilding and peace or relapse into instability and violence.
Which path it depends primarily on the quality of the nationally identified, and nationally owned and driven peacebuilding. But that quality, in large measure, is also dependent on the support from a robust global peacebuilding architecture.
Indonesia is thus pleased that the PBC, its Countries Specific Configurations, and the Peacebuilding Fund, in a relatively short span of time, have progressed capably, and marked their status internationally.
As reflected in the Commission’s annual report of the Fifth Session (A/66/675–S/2012/70), the Commission’s increased focus on ground in the six agenda countries, its comprehensive approach and greater outreach and advocacy to the wider stakeholders have increased its impact at the country level.
While we should address any shortcomings in the implementation of the 2011 and 2012 Roadmaps for Actions, and seize opportunities through which the PBC’s work can be improved, we should all ensure that everything in our capacities is done to support the PBC in the actualization of its mandate.
Thus as one of the parent bodies of the PBC, the Security Council’s role is crucial. The Council’s support to the PBC, and it’s utilization of the PBC’s advisory role are highly beneficial.
We are pleased that the Council is increasingly including the Chairs from the PBC Configurations when the particular country situations are before it. An intensified engagement by the Council with the countries on PBC Agenda as well as other post-conflict countries considered by it will also be useful.
Working within their respective mandates, regular and meaningful cross-fertilization on fostering sustainable global peace and wellbeing among the PBC, Security Council, General Assembly, and ECOSOC is also very important, and which Indonesia supports fully.
I wish to make a few more observations as follows:
First, national ownership is critical. And to foster that, it is vital that the engagement frameworks and support by the Commission, PBF, as well as International Financial Institutions (IFIs) be in consonance with the nationally identified needs and priorities by post-conflict countries.
Second, the experience of PBC has provided it highly valuable knowledge and insights, which apart from the Security Council should be drawn on further by the UN peacekeeping secretariat, especially in relation to early peacebuilding tasks by peacekeepers. We should not be hesitant in drawing on each other’s comparative advantages, and we support greater interface between the PBC, IFIs and other relevant non-UN actors as well.
Third, in the ongoing review of global civilian capacities for countries emerging from conflict and in transition, the PBC's advisory role with its practical inputs on improving the UN system of harnessing and supporting civilian capacities is highly important. We hope that the Commission will contribute actively in this exercised.
Fourth, Indonesia strongly supports the focus on resource mobilization and partnerships, as also contained in the 2012 PBC Roadmap of Actions.
In this context, the Outcome of the PBC Task Force on the role of private sector in post-conflict building, which Indonesia had the privilege of facilitating in 2008 had given some very useful recommendations. We have repeatedly called for the PBC to further carry forward the various important recommendations therein. We are pleased that the PBSO has recently come up with a document, building on a number of Task Force’s recommendations. We hope that those recommendations will be actualized.
Fifth,in order to increase international attention and political support, disseminate best practices, and build closer connection between the actors in New York and country level, we have proposed that the PBC hold a dedicated annual session. This session should include relevant key governmental and non-governmental participants from all OC PBC members, the PBC agenda countries as well as those from the UN system such as PBSO, UNDP, DPKO, DFS and DPA.
As the world’s third largest democracy, which has traversed its own transition to a well-functioning democratic state, Indonesia bears witness to the different challenges and opportunities for building peace.
Because we have directly seen the fruit of national capacity development, we believe in it firmly. Indonesia has achieved major reforms in many areas, including rule of law, inclusive political processes, elections, media development, civil society participation, good governance and human rights.
We are keen to share and have shared our experiences and expertise with others in the Global South and learn from the experiences of others. Thus an enhanced regional, South-South, as well as triangular cooperation is a key part of Indonesia’s efforts to support caapcity development of countries affected from conflict as well as those in transition.
In closing, Indonesia expresses its strong determination in continuing to steadfastly supporting the PBC, and playing its role in realizing even more strongly supported and robust responses from the PBC.
I thank you, Madam President.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
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