Mr. Agus Sardjana, MA
The Head of Center for Policy Analysis and Development
on International Organizations
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Republic of Indonesia
Agenda Item 27:
New York, 5 October 2010
Let me begin by extending my congratulations to you and other members of the Bureau on your respective elections. I am confident that your able leadership will guide our deliberations to a successful conclusion.
I also wish to express my appreciation to the Secretary-General for the set of report presented to The Third Committee under the agenda item on social development.
The Indonesian delegation wishes to align itself with the statement made by the representative of the Republic of Yemen, speaking on behalf of the Group of 77 and China.
A year after our last deliberations on this agenda item, we commemorated the 15th anniversary of The World Summit on Social Development and concluded the High Level Plenary Meeting on Millennium Development Goals. Two important reviews related to social development.
The Copenhagen Declaration on Social development and the MDGs are mutually reinforcing instruments to realize sustainable social development.
Both galvanized a global effort on people centered development that promised to address poverty eradication; promote socially inclusive development; and generate full and decent employment for all.
It is important to build on the momentum reached at both events.
The MDGs outcome document is an important roadmap. It has outlined the way forward. We have to follow through on it. However, we must bear in mind that our work does not end in 2015.
Indeed the road ahead is still long, and the commitments for the next five years are a bridge for further efforts on social development beyond 2015.
While being fully aware of the difficulty ahead of us, the three pillars of social development must progress concurrently in a mutually supportive manner.
Secretary General’s Report has rightly emphasized that reducing poverty by creating as many employment opportunities, and human resources development is essential of developing a socially inclusive society.
The International Action Plan of the United Nations Literacy Decade is another important means to realize our human resources objectives. Illiteracy in this day and age should be unheard of. Yet, the global literacy rate is at 84%. International partnerships to scale up literacy efforts are vital. Increasing and enhancing literacy should be part of every national education strategy.
It is important to explore and utilize all potential avenues. Broad-based participation of multiple stakeholders is important to foster ingenuity and concrete action. Financial organizations, the public sector, the private sector, civil society are all part of the needed breakthroughs to accelerate progress.
Last year, the Government of Indonesia passed the Law on Social Welfare and subsequent legal instruments to coordinate the development programs. Their primary focus is pro-people development, establishing justice for all and accelerating the achievement of MDGs
Based on our Medium Term Development Plan 2010 to 2014, the Government is accelerating progress on 11 priority programs to be implemented through 155 action plans. A state budget of about 12 billion (US) dollars has been allocated for the economic; social prosperity; political-legal and security sectors.
Programs to advance the potential of our youth are one of our top priorities as youth constitute more than a quarter of Indonesia’s population. The enactment of Law on Youth in 2009 will further promote their active participation to develop the economy through entrepreneurship, and their engagement in socio-political life through community leadership. Their participation in education has been improving, with more than half of the age groups of 16-18 and 19-24 enrolled in school in 2007.
Womenremain one of the highest priorities given their important role in society. For this reason, gender equality continues to be mainstreamed in the development agenda.
As for the disabled, we consider it important to systematically change stakeholders’ perceptions on this issue through human rights based approach rather than charity. Public awareness to develop sensitivity and appreciation for the disabled as well as reviews of existing laws are being conducted to meet with the spirit of the Convention on the Rights of Person with Disabilities, which Indonesia will ratify next year.
Indonesia is also the home for 18.5 million older people. In anticipation of a rapid increase in the elderly population, the Government is working through the National Commission for Older Persons to implement policies in line with the spirit of the Madrid Plan of Action.
We have witnessed the growth of our societies by virtue of globalization. However, the crises in the last few years also remind us of the social perils globalization brings.
Climate change is another growing force that could drastically affect the social fabric of our countries if we do not act upon it collectively and urgently.
It is for this reason that we must continue to strengthen the three pillars of social development. By equipping our societies to cope, and be resilient in the face of traditional and emerging challenges, they can continue to contribute as active citizens and enrich their society.
A UN system wide response to our challenges continues to be important. The third committee as well as new international frameworks and initiatives must continue to play an active role in pursuing the commitments declared fifteen years ago.
I thank you.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
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