Mr. Bonanza Taihitu
Agenda Item 64:
Promotion and Protection of the rights of Children
New York, 15 October 2010
Indonesia strongly believes that our effort to fulfill the rights of the child should embrace all aspect. It should take comprehensive and holistic approaches and should also involve all stakeholders of the rights of the child.
Within this context, I would like to express my appreciation to various mechanisms for their presentation before the Committee a few days ago. My appreciation also goes to the Secretary General for the set of reports under this agenda item.
I commend the Committee on the Rights of the Child for intensively address the backlog report problem in response to a significantly improved compliance by States parties with their reporting obligations. We are cognizant that this is a trend similarly experienced by all human rights treaty bodies.
Therefore, a comprehensive study of the resource requirements of the treaty bodies should be undertaken. We look forward to recommendations for a long-term solution to ensure a timely consideration of State Party reports after its submission.
Furthermore, Indonesia is pleased to note the collaboration across treaty bodies, particularly the joint initiative between Committee on the Rights of the Child and CEDAW Committee. We believe that it would not suffice for us to speak of the challenges children face, especially in the early childhood, without addressing it together with the implementation of CEDAW.
In this vein, Indonesia submitted the periodic reports of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Convention on the Elimination of all Discriminations against Women, and the Common Core Document to the Secretariat at the same time this year.
We have witnessed a positive trend and significant adherence of member states to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, from the east to the west, and from the north to the south.
Indeed, such a development has not been without its own challenges. There have been successes and failures. Nevertheless, we still have – we must have – every confidence the promotion and protection of the rights of the child will continue to be strengthened and gain its momentum.
This includes efforts to strengthen the avenues which address the obstacles on early childhood issues, as highlighted at the commemoration of the 20th anniversary of the adoption of the Convention on the Rights of Children last year.
We share the view reflected in the Secretary-General’s report that the quality of the earliest relationships and care is crucially important for children’s survival and their development.
Millennium Development Goals is also an important avenue to promote children’s rights. The goal on maternal health and reducing child mortality rate directly impact early childhood. However, other goals are as crucial to meet because they provide the freedom children need to fully develop their potential. It is therefore important to fully realize all the goals through the commitments declared at MDGs Summit in September 2010.
The exercise of rights in early childhood is strongly dependent upon the capacities and resources available to the major caregivers of the young child. Recognizing these interdependencies is necessary in order to provide support and assistance to family members or other major caregivers.
The Convention acknowledges the primary role of the family and parents in the care and protection of children, and the obligation of the state to help carry out these duties.
For Indonesia, family has always been the cornerstone of the society. Family is the best means to ensure that the rights of the child are implemented within a continuum of care from the womb and thereafter.
We recognize that poverty has a devastating impact on the family, and diminishes the opportunity to exercise the rights of individuals in the family. To address poverty, the Government has been developing community-based approaches as a way to realize development with equity, which includes the implementation of the National Community Empowerment Program and the People’s Small Enterprise Credit Program.
The Government has been implementing mutually supportive policies related to mother and child health. Provision of Health Insurance Program for Poor Family (ASKESKIN) targeting children for poor family, integrated health posts, maternal and child health services, immunizations covering all infants, maintaining community nutrition, are among some of the early childhood interventions being implemented.
To ensure the best possible start for every child in the society, Indonesia guarantees the rights of the child to have an identity and citizenship under the Law on Human Rights, Indonesian citizenships and Population Administration. Regional governments is also working to enact regional by-laws on free birth certificates
To ensure the fulfillment of children’s right to education, the government has set a 75 percent target for children to receive an Early Childhood Education Service by 2015.
Efforts have been made to create a safe and conducive environment for children, free from violence, discrimination, harassment and exploitation. The Integrated Services for Women and Children Victims of Violence launched this year provides a guideline for our stakeholders to provide protection services to the victims. The Government is also developing a National Plan of Action for the Elimination of Violence against Children.
Steps have been taken to implement the National Plan of Action for Eliminating Worst Forms of Child Labor at the sub-national level, among others by working together with business and private sectors to increase public awareness on this issue.
The government is taking measures to address exploitation of children by developing a data system and issuing the Law on Combating trafficking in Persons. We are also conducting international cooperation in law enforcement to combat trafficking, including within ASEAN cooperation, the Bali Process and bilateral cooperation to oversee cross-border migration.
With regard to children in conflict with law, the Government is currently drafting a National Law on Juvenile Criminal Justice System. The Draft will complement the previous Law on Child Protection, by focusing on a restorative justice approach, and emphasizing incarceration of children as a last resort.
Lastly, recognizing the significance of verifiable data and research in formulating better policies and making informed decision, Indonesia is developing database system for recording and reporting of child victims of violence or trafficking, children faced with legal prosecution as well as other areas of concerns.
In this connection, as stipulated in Indonesian Government regulation in 2007, all provincial, district and municipality governments should establish agencies and form task forces on child protection.
We urge closer cooperation between UN System and regional mechanisms related to child issues, for example the ASEAN Commission on the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Women and Children (ACWC) established this year. ACWC will among others, promote the implementation of international instruments, ASEAN instruments and other instruments related to the rights of women and children. It will also develop policies, programs and innovative strategies, to promote and protect the rights of women and children, to complement the building of the ASEAN Community.
In closing, Indonesia remains committed to the fulfillment of the rights of the Child. Indonesia will continue to work with the international community in meeting its child related priorities at the national and international level.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
325 East 38th Street, New York, NY, 10016, USA
Tel: 1.212.972.8333, Fax: 1.212.972.9780 - www.indonesiamission-ny.org