H.E. Dr. R.M. Marty M. Natalegawa
Permanent Representative of
the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations
at the Security Council’s Open Debate on
New York, 5 August 2009
Let me join previous speakers in thanking you for convening this important debate on United Nations peacekeeping operations.
We wish also like to thank Under Secretary General Alain Le Roy and Under Secretary General Susanna Malcorra for their remarks.Indonesia associates itself with the statement delivered by the Permanent Representative of the Kingdom of Morocco, on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement.
We welcome the Council’s recognition that United Nations peacekeeping is a unique global partnership; one that draws together the commitments and contributions of the entire UN system.
As a mutual effort, all stakeholders need to be on the same page, working in concert and with a sense of common purpose, to effectively address the peacekeeping challenges.
Indeed, there has not been shortage of ideas and initiatives.
We have seen many processes initiated by the Council, individual member states and the Secretariat to improve the global partnership. Nevertheless, it is essential that, at the end of these processes and in order to ensure ownership of all stakeholders, there should be one agreed framework encapsulating these many initiatives on how to make progress.
We note that the Council, for its part, has recently laid down benchmarks in a number of its resolutions relating to specific peacekeeping operations. The focus on timelines and strategic work-plans with tracking of progress is, indeed, a positive development.
We also recognize efforts by the Council to develop practices to improve collective oversight. We appreciate the efforts made by the Council to enhance dialogue with stakeholders for better planning and oversight of peacekeeping operations.
In this context, we thank USG Alain Le Roy and USG Susanna Malcorra for their non-paper ANew Partnership Agenda:Charting a New Horizon for UN Peacekeeping. The non-paper is, indeed, an important contribution to the wider deliberation processes on how to better address the challenges of peacekeeping. The non-paper could also be used as a basis for further concrete efforts. We expect that its contents will be duly discussed by member states, and would feed into the comprehensive review undertaken by the Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations (C-34).
Indonesiabelieves that in order to arrive at a clear, credible and achievable mandate, there should be meaningful and multistage consultations by the Council with stakeholders at an early stage.
On the operational aspect, benchmarks set up by the Council should be the basis to decide whether a mission has achieved its objectives. In addition, there should be more efforts to fill the gaps between the Council’s mandates vis á vis the concept of operations and the rules of engagement which serve as the manual for peacekeepers in the field.There is often an absence, or lack of clear parameters on the number and types of personnel and equipment to cover a vast and complex area of mission to protect the civilians.Clarity of parameters is also needed to ascertain the success of a peacekeeping mission, thus ensuring a seamless transition from peacekeeping to post-conflict peacebuilding phase.The importance of coherence and integration between peacekeeping, peacebuilding and development must be emphasized.
We share the view contained in the New Horizon non-paper on the need to define --with member states-- the logistical, training and equipment requirements for missions.We look forward to the development of the draft strategic guidance note from the Secretariat on an approach to a robust peacekeeping, before the end of 2009.
We encourage further systematic collaboration among peacekeeping stakeholders that could be mapped out by the Security Council Working Group on PKOs and the C-34.While noting the assurances from the Council to strive for more meaningful engagement and better information sharing with TCCs, one key challenge remains,namely, how to ensure that inputs from TCCs or potential TCCs are fully utilized in the Council’s decision-making process.
Some concluding thoughts,Mr. President.
Indonesiawelcomes the continued support by the Council of partnership on peacekeeping with relevant regional and sub-regional organizations. It is our firm belief that such organizations have much to contribute, not least with the full range of responses when addressing a situation which may endanger international peace and security.
Full range of responses suggests, Mr. President, that a peacekeeping mission by itself is not a panacea for conflict resolution. It has to be, and it usually is an integral part of the broader political solution.
I thank you, Mr. President.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
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