H.E. Dr R.M. Marty M. Natalegawa
Permanent Representative of
the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations
at the informal meeting of the plenary of the General Assembly on “the question of equitable representation on and increase in the membership of the Security Council and related matters to the Security Council”
(Exchange 1 of Third Round)
New York, 1 September 2009
We thank you for convening the exchange of views on all the five key issues, which are interdependent and interrelated.
Point d of the Decision 62/557 states that the intergovernmental negotiations in informal plenary of the GA should seek a solution that can garner the widest possible political acceptance. We note the progress that has been made during this session. However, due to the significant differences on the key issues, we are not yet at the stage of taking decisions on the final shape of reform. As it has been underlined by other speakers, we too believe that the widest possible political acceptance is crucial to the success of the Council’s reform. Therefore, the need is to continue the discussion, enhance common understanding, and bring a smooth transition of the process to the next session.
It is also worth reiterating that for the next session, the basis for further intergovernmental negotiations should be the positions and proposals on the five key issues by Member States, including those put forward during the present session, as well as the proposals from the regional groups and other groupings of Member States.
On the issue of enlarged size, we believe that the proposals on this should reflect the opinions of the many delegations that enlarged size can be more than 26 Member States. In order to reflect an equitable geographical distribution, as well as the plurality of the world in the Council, we appreciate the merit in increasing the Council’s membership to 26, with the understanding that Asia and Africa, considering the number of states in those regions, are each allocated at least four additional seats.
When we discuss the enlargement of Security Council, the issue of seats addition for the regional groups or regional representation should be discussed simultaneously.
With regard to the categories of membership, the proposal to increase membership in both categories has received support from a number of countries. But this has yet to bring together a large number of countries.Recognising the divergence of views, if we would like to seek a reform solution that can garner the widest possible political acceptance, the focus on the “intermediate approach” is worth considering. We note that the issues of categories of membership and the intermediate approach will be discussed tomorrow and the day after tomorrow respectively.
On the question of veto, short of its abolition, we support the efforts to regulate or manage the veto. This could be considered as a “quid pro quo” for not rendering new veto rights in the event of an expanded permanent membership. The next session should include the further exploration of ways to institute the idea of formalising the explanations for the use of veto, and to see whether a wide agreement could be reached in guiding the occasions where it is used.
The issue of working methods is directly related to the relationship between the Council and the Assembly. There has to be greater accountability, transparency and access of the Council for the universal membership of the UN in the GA. We have heard many important proposals on this issue, which should be discussed in the next session.
As regards the relationship between the Council and the GA, one of our recommendations for the next session is that we should avoid any interpretation that would limit our discussions to only Chapter V of the UN Charter.The Council’s reform exercise must also clarify explicitly the functions and powers of the GA on the subject of international peace and security. This important aspect is currently not regulated in Chapter V.
When we reach an agreement on the Security Council reform, it will inevitably lead to mandatory amendments of related provisions of UN Charter. This would include the provisions relating to the key issues of the relationship between the Council and the GA, as well as of the Council’s working methods.
Finally, my delegation would like to reiterate that all five keys issues of the Security Council reform should be discussed, as an integral part of a comprehensive package.
I thank you, Mr. Chairman.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
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