H.E. DR. R. M. Marty M. Natalegawa
Permanent Representative of the
Republicof Indonesiato the United Nations
“Women and Peace and Security”
New York, 5 October2009
At the outset allow me to congratulate you in assuming the Presidency and express my appreciation to you for convening this open debate which focuses on the needs of women and girls in post conflict situations.
I also wish to express my congratulations to the United States delegation for the successful deliberation during their presidency.
I would like to extend my appreciation to the Secretary-General for providing us with a progress report on the implementation of resolution 1325 and the recommendations therein.
Ahead of the tenth anniversary of resolution 1325 in October 2010, we have an opportunity today in this Open Debate to reassert the international community’s role and provide tangible solutions to women’s participation in conflict prevention, resolution and peace-building.
Armed conflict is devastating to any human being; however, it has disproportionate effects on women and girls.
Their voices are silenced in conflict. Their basic rights lost in the political and social deterioration that accompanies conflict. They become disempowered.
A few days ago, the Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 1888. This is another commendable endeavor to further strengthen the efforts of the international community to combat sexual violence in armed conflicts.
There is still much action, however, that can be done by the international community to address challenges faced by women and girls in conflict and post-conflict situations.
We should continue to advocate at all levels awareness on the Geneva Convention (1949), on the protection of civilians.
The international community should continue to yield strategies to ease the bleak and harsh reality faced everyday particularly by women and girls living in conflict and post conflict situations.
Nonetheless, our strategies ultimately must not merely treat women and girls as victims. They should not be marginalized in peace agreements but be a central part of it.
They are key partners in the post-conflict transformation process. Women should be enabled and empowered to play an active role in the many spheres of post conflict life beyond earning livelihoods, by also participating in political and peace-building processes.
This should be promoted in a systematic way.
The role of women in post conflict situations is paramount. They serve as one of the main building blocks and instruments of peace.
Yet, due to continuing violence during conflict, women face physical, mental and societal barriers in post conflict which undermines their role in peace.
The international community must recognize and address this challenge effectively.
Towards this end, international support should meet the multi-dimensional needs of women and girls in post-conflict situations. Their physical security, mental and reproductive health, and other productive assets should be ensured.
This objective needs to be met with adequate funding.
During our deliberation on this issue last year, Indonesia recognized the need to facilitate the full and effective participation of women in all stages of peace processes and peace-building.
Indonesiasupports more women playing key roles in peacekeeping missions, among others as military and police personnel. On our part, Indonesia has sent female personnel as military observers, staff officers and members of the contingent for UNIFIL, UNAMID, and MONUC.
We should also ensure that peacekeepers have adequate capacity to carry out provisions related to gender issues.
Moreover,it is important that provisions on sexual violence within the peacekeeping missions’ mandate be in line with other provisions, such as protection of civilians, and should be developed with a clear and comprehensive concept.
Mandatory training on addressing sexual violence for all peacekeeping personnel should be continued and supported.
The international community must help to restore peace in conflict areas with the participation of women.
We should increase the interaction and collaboration among entities within the UN system, and other stakeholders.
We commend the continued effort to incorporate a gender perspective in all policies and programs of the UN system, facilitated by a strong gender entity within the UN. However, we note that gender targeted projects in post conflict areas remain limited.
The UN should promote gender role modeling taking into consideration developing country perspective in post conflict situations.
The Security Council in accordance with its mandate should continue to address the root cause of violence against women in armed conflict. At the same time the role of women should continue to be promoted in sustaining peace in post conflict.
I thank you.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
325 East 38th Street, New York, NY, 10016, USA
Tel: 1.212.972.8333, Fax: 1.212.972.9780 - www.indonesiamission-ny.org