H.E. Mr. Mochamad Slamet Hidayat
Head of Delegation
the General Debate of the 14th Session
of the Commission on Sustainable Development
New York, 1 May 2006
At the outset, I wish to extend, on behalf of my delegation, congratulations to you and all others who have been elected members of the bureau of the 14th session of the Commission on Sustainable Development. it is our distinct conviction that under your Leadership we will have constructive deliberations and produce essential outcomes that bring us closer to our sustainable development objectives. My delegation also wishes to take this opportunity to commend the CSD secretariat for its work in preparing this meeting.
Indonesia notes that the Commission’s review session will focus on evaluating the progress of implementation of Agenda 21, the Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21 and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation as well as identify challenges to the implementation of the selected thematic cluster of issues for the cycle. The issues for attention at this year’s session will be energy for sustainable development, industrial development, air pollution/atmosphere and climate change.
It is my hope, therefore, that the session will provide us with effective policy discussions so that we can approach sustainable development challenges relating to all four issues under review in an integrated manner. in our view, this can serve to enhance synergies and produce win-win opportunities for all.
The World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002 and the 2005 Summit recognized that progress in the four areas under review is fundamental to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In particular, the objective of poverty eradication will be advanced by improving access of the poor to energy. This can also be achieved by stimulating industrial development and reducing emissions that cause serious health problems, reduce crop yields and contribute to climate change.
For its part, Indonesia followed up the outcome of WSSD with the Indonesian Summit on Sustainable Development (ISSD) held in early 2004. This summit emphasized commitment to the implementation of sustainable development by all relevant stakeholders, apart from the Government itself. At present, the Indonesian Agenda 21 (1997) is being reviewed to make more dynamic the Indonesian National Sustainable Development Strategy (NSDS) at home, which will be followed by the eventual institutionalization of the policy development entity for the sustainable development. Because of these activities, Indonesia appreciates the significance of the issues to be reviewed.
As described by the Secretary General in his report, progress has been achieved on access to energy for the alleviation of poverty. However, 2.4 billion people still have no access to modern energy services and one-quarter of the world’s population live without electricity. This situation becomes worse when taken in the context of geopolitical uncertainties and energy security which contribute to cost increases for the production process. If prices continue to skyrocket in the future, our efforts to achieve the objective of poverty eradication will certainty be hampered.
It is my delegation’s view that the effects of the latest energy price rises should serve as a wake up call concerning the vulnerability of many countries that are dependent on oil to satisfy their energy needs. Greater effort must be made to conserve energy as well as accelerate the diversification of energy sources into natural gas, coal, geothermal power and other renewable forms of energy as fossil energy will be depleted sooner or later. This creates a timely opportunity for the replacement of less clean sources of energy like oil and coal by cleaner sources like natural gas and geothermal power.
Should continued preference for conventional sources of energy be shown, then they should be accessed by cleaner technology, such as clean coat technology. Although Indonesia supports and adopts such technological innovation in terms of cleaner technology or eco-efficient technology in environment management, the transboundary movement of products from such innovation should be governed by the principle of sustainable development such as ‘product life-cycle assessment’.
It is equally important that the practice of environmentally sound technology in one country should not prove detrimental to the sustainable development of another country. Remanufactured products, for instance, should not become a way of transferring the responsibility of the treatment of wastes from one country to another. White these changes are being contemplated, it is imperative that all countries, developed and developing, energy importing and exporting, should cooperate to address the world’s demand for energy and to stabilize the price structure for available energy supplies.
Indonesia acknowledges the invaluable contributions that industrial growth and energy can make to social and economic development, nevertheless they also pose serious environmental threats to climate and air quality control. The fact is current patterns of global economic growth could teed to irreversible environmental damage. To address this challenge, the international community has to explore the best way possible to improve the eco-efficiency of the industrial and energy sectors in order to enhance environmental sustainability.
Because it is a cross-cutting issue with implications for climate change, air pollution, industrialization, and transportation, it is therefore important to analyse the impact of energy use through industrialization and transportation. Since energy is indispensable for modern life, energy security must be treated as integral part of any national economy. The international community should consequently cooperate to direct energy investment into cleaner sectors.
One of the possible ways of protecting the environment from energy related environmental threats would be to strengthen global cooperation to allow more countries greater access to energy efficient technologies. Such technologies hold out the promise of lowering production costs, reducing air pollution and bringing about healthy climate change as well. However, affordability remains a challenge for some developing countries.
Enhancing capacity building should be considered an important issue in this respect. Once they are enabled, developing countries will be in a position to integrate energy conservation and diversification into a comprehensive, long-term sustainable development programme to provide legal certainty and strong directives to investors in the energy sector and even to energy users.
As part of these efforts, there must be a stronger commitment in accordance with Bali Strategic Plan to utilize environmentally sound technologies that could be provided by the international community. Furthermore, the developed countries and international organizations have the critical role to support the developing countries in these undertakings by providing financial resources, but without compromising the right and obligation of each country to implement its own sustainable development agendas.
Beyond national efforts, the development of a conducive enabling international environment is of critical importance to promote the achievement of sustainable development. Urgent action is also required to promote international economic growth, boost foreign direct investment, provide greater market access for the export products of developing countries, increase the level of Official Development Assistance to reach the United Nations ODA target as welt as mobilize additional financial resources particularly through innovative financial mechanisms. Attainment of these goals should be based on concrete activities and development cooperation initiatives, including through global partnerships.
The great importance Indonesia attaches to sustainable development is revealed through the draft Law on Natural Resources Management which is now in its final stages. This law will harmonize various existing arrangements and regulations on natural resource utilization. With the positive inputs from all stakeholders involved in the development process, the draft is expected to serve as the basis to facilitate further synergizing of various development sectors, including industry and energy.
Indonesia has also undertaken measures to develop renewable energy sources on a small scale as substitutes for fossil energy, particularly in remote or isolated areas. In this regard a number of government regulatory frameworks, including a Presidential Decree, have been enacted to increase the use of renewable energy and in so doing secure the energy supply.
In addition, a national plan of action has been formulated, involving priority actions on poverty reduction, good governance and improving the involvement of civil society, education, water resource management, energy and mineral resources, health, agriculture, biodiversity and the promotion of sustainable consumption and production patterns. Along with that plan, the Government has put in place various pieces of legislation, institutional mechanisms and initiatives to implement its commitment to achieve sustainable development objectives.
To conclude, Mr. Chairman, my delegation believes that the critical role of this session should be to provide elements for further development as policy recommendations to be considered at the next policy session. We should also ensure that such policy recommendations take into account national and regional priorities and characteristics, the means of implementation, as well as new and emerging issues in the implementation of sustainable development agendas.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
325 East 38th Street, New York, NY, 10016, USA
Tel: 1.212.972.8333, Fax: 1.212.972.9780 - www.indonesiamission-ny.org