Disaster Risk Reduction
Located between the Asian and Australian continents and within the Indian and Paciﬁc oceans, an archipelagic Indonesia is disposed to natural catastrophes because its islands rest on the edges of the Paciﬁc, Eurasian, and Australian tectonic plates. Moreover, with the country’s climate that is predominantly tropical and characterized by extreme weather pattern, the risks of natural hazards in Indonesia remains alarmingly high.
For disaster-prone countries like Indonesia, preparedness and resilience to overcome disasters is vital. Therefore disaster risk reduction (DRR) has been put as a high priority in Indonesia’s national agenda.
To achieve a strong national DRR capacity, Indonesia has shifted its conventional paradigm of disaster management from emergency response and recovery to a more comprehensive approach. In this respect, resources have been invested in disaster prevention, mitigation and preparedness. DRR has also been integrated into Indonesia’s legislation and national development plan in line with the Hyogo Framework for Action. As a result, Indonesia has developed a National Disaster Management PIan and National Action PIan for Disaster Risk Reduction.
Indonesia has also altered its top-down approach in viewing disaster management which overlooked the capacity of the local people to disasters risks. New risk management and reduction framework has therefore been focused on the community to allow greater involvement of the locals in the planning, implementation and evaluation. Under the concept of Community-Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM), the local communities are put in the driver seat with regard to prevention of risks, emergency preparedness and procedures as well as recovery after disaster.
Indonesia attaches great importance to regional and international cooperation in building and strengthening DRR capacity.
As we in ASEAN foster our way towards greater sense of resilient community, we have developed the ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response as a legal framework and common platform towards a more united and coordinated response to disaster within ASEAN. The ASEAN Coordinating Center for Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster (AHA Centre) has also been established for the purpose of facilitating co-operation and co-ordination among the parties, and with relevant United Nations and international organizations, in promoting regional collaboration.
Beyond ASEAN, we have developed a Strategic Guidance, through the ARF framework, to promote a common understanding among us and dialogue partners in the Region of Asia and the Pacific of civil military cooperation and coordination procedures in disasters management and mitigation.
At the global level, Indonesia attaches particular attention to The Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the Resilience for Nations and Communities to Disasters and the role of the United Nations in the implementation by individual countries of the Hyogo Framework for Action especially with regard to capacity development, technical assistance and resources mobilization.
As no country is immune of natural disasters, Indonesia shares the view of addressing DRR and the building of resilience to disasters with a renewed sense of urgency in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication and maintaining DRR as an integral part of the future agenda and framework of the post-2015 development. In this regard, together with Australia, Peru and Norway, Indonesia has initiated the establishment of the Group of Friends (GoF) for DRR as an informal mechanism to mobilize support for DRR mainstreaming into the outcome of Rio+20 and future development frameworks.