H.E. MR. YUSRA KHAN
DEPUTY PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE
OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA
TO THE UNITED NATIONS
Security Council Open Debate
“International Peace and Security: Piracy”
New York, 19 November 2012
you for convening this open-debate. It is a timely opportunity for all
of us to stand together to combat acts of piracy which continue to run
rampant, affecting more Member States, and posing a huge threat to
regional peace and stability, and to international navigation and
Allow me also to express my appreciation to the United Nations
Secretary General, His Excellency Ban Ki-moon for his report on 22
October 2012 pursuant to the Council’s resolution 2020 (2011) on
the issue of piracy off the coast of Somalia.
history, Indonesia, as an archipelagic state, has faced challenges of
maritime security, such as piracy and sea armed robbery. We have thus
always condemned and deplored all acts of piracy in the high seas.
In Southeast Asia, Indonesia and its neighboring states have long dealt
with this issue in the Straits of Malacca and Singapore. The region
therefore worked on various bilateral, trilateral and regional
initiatives that successfully helped the littoral States to
significantly lower the number of piracy and armed robbery incidents in
Indonesia remains of the view that the 1982 United Nations Convention
on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) should serve as the primary legal
framework applicable to combating piracy and sea armed robbery.
With that in mind, allow me to address the issue of piracy in the Gulf of Guinea and in the waters off the coast of Somalia.
Over the past year, the Council has made the issue of piracy in the
Gulf of Guinea a part of its concern. This is apparent from the latest
two resolutions, SC Res 2018 (2011) and SC Res 2039 (2012), in which
the Council highlighted the need for international cooperation, to
tackle the menace of piracy including through capacity building of
states in the region.
Indonesia welcomes this initiative and underlines the necessity for the
international community to provide necessary assistance to the littoral
countries in advancing their monitoring and prevention capacity as well
as their judicial capacity.
We are keen to hear the progress of the United Nations role in
overcoming this problem in the Gulf of Guinea from UNOWA and UNOCA,
through the report of the Secretary General.
Turning to the issue of piracy and armed robbery in the waters off the
coast of Somalia, Indonesia shares the serious concern on the rate of
occurrence. Even though the Secretary General has indicated in his
report a decline in attacks and hijacking this year, it is alarming
that as many as 224 seafarers and 17 vessels were held hostage as of
Without question, the instability in that country is a key contributor
to such growth of attacks and it is one of the root causes that should
be addressed immediately.
We share the view that the continuing political instability and
economic problems in Somalia is the first thing that must be addressed.
Indonesia has noted that with the deepening of the international
efforts to combat piracy off the Somali coast, the issue of prosecution
and trial of pirates is becoming more and more challenging. In that
sense, Indonesia supports Security Council Resolution 2020 (2011) which
provides the required legal framework for assisting Somalia in fighting
piracy and armed robbery.
Furthermore, we need to protect the welfare of seafarers being held
hostage by the pirates. To that extent, we welcome the discussion under
the working groups of the CGPCS, as the main forum to discuss the issue
of piracy off the coast of Somalia, which is reviewing the conventions
and draft guidance concerning seafarers. We also welcome the joint
efforts by UNODC and UNPOS to develop a program immediate assistance
and care for released hostages.
economic loss as result of piracy is indeed very large, however the
loss of human life by this horrendous act is incalculable. Realizing
this, Indonesia emphasizes the urgency to prosecute the culprits as
well as those who illicitly finance, plan, organize, or unlawfully
profit from pirate attacks. We also see the need also to criminalize
piracy in national law, as defined by UNCLOS 1982 as well as continuing
close partnerships and cooperation between state and non-state actors.
Finally, Indonesia would like to call on all members of the
international community not to lose sight of the significance and
seriousness of the challenge of piracy and armed robbery at sea, for
which all nations and peoples, the public and the private sector, are
losers wherever and whenever it happens. We must unite our
efforts and work together and with great determination to ensure
triumph over this problem.
Thank you, Mr. President.