H.E. Mr. Hasan Kleib
Chargé d’Affaires ad interim
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations
at the 2010 Substantive Session of the
Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations (C-34)
Let me first of all join previous speakers in thanking the Under-Secretary Generals, Mr. Alain Le Roy, and Ms. Susana Malcorra, for their comprehensive remarks yesterday. We have noted with interest their respective proposals geared for enhancing cooperation among important stakeholders, particularly the Council, troop and police contributing countries, and the Secretariat. Their efforts are indeed very much valued.
As the demand, complexity and risk facing the peacekeeping have grown manifold, the challenges to the brave blue helmets are unprecedented. The robust support and cooperation of the international community must be befitting to the tasks given to peacekeepers. This session provides us an important opportunity to reinforce the agreed understandings, examine emerging issues, and enhance collective support for UN peacekeeping.
Peacekeeping is one of the important elements in the Indonesian foreign policy with the objective to contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security. For its part, Indonesia has participated actively in the UN peacekeeping going as far back as 1956. We are presently contributing to six UN peacekeeping operations with 1,674 Indonesian peacekeepers currently deployed. A level 2 hospital is also being prepared to be deployed in MINURCAT.
My delegation wishes to associate itself with the statements delivered earlier by Morocco on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement, and by Thailand on behalf of ASEAN. In addition to those remarks, my delegation would like to share some of its views.
As a unique global partnership, UN peacekeeping should be clearly and firmly based on the three basic principles, namely, consent of the parties concerned, impartiality, and non-use of force except in self-defence and the defence of the mandate. The C-34 has an important role to ensure that these principles are well translated into action in the field.
To achieve UN peacekeeping’s full potential, we fully agree on the need for clear and achievable mandates with clearer priorities from the Security Council.
The complete achievement of the tasks given to the peacekeepers necessitates that they are deployed with clear guidelines. If the critical factors such as security and humanitarian situation on the ground significantly deteriorate or the protection of civilians is at stake, the Council should act swiftly to develop an appropriate response including the modification of its mandate as necessary.
The issue of the Protection of Civilians (PoC) continues to be an extremely important element in peacekeeping missions. The implementation of this mandate should indeed be backed by requisite resources, equipment and capabilities.
We, therefore, expect that realistic and practical guidelines on protection of civilians, as well as requisite force numbers and resources would be provided to UN peacekeepers so that they can execute their mandates. These practical guidelines should also make clear what peacekeepers can and cannot do.
We welcome the concept papers presented to the C-34 recently, which include many significant elements. These concept papers, in our view, should also focus sufficiently on the ‘need’ and ‘how’ of meeting the resource requirements for robust peacekeeping and PoC mandates. The papers are very comprehensive in “operationalizing” one of the basic principles of PKO, namely in the defence of a mandate authorized by the Council. However, the other basic principle, namely the requisite consent of the parties, particularly of the host government, should also be adequately operationalized. The element of “the consent” should be incorporated in the proposed definition of ‘robust peacekeeping’.
Other important feature that should be considered further is that the UN force commander, national contingent and the host government should be on the same page to identify who the spoilers are, and who the civilians are which are to be protected.
In view of meeting the demands of robust peacekeeping, we welcome the initiative from the Secretariat that introduces a Global Field Support Strategy, a new global service-delivery model. While noting the importance of this initiative, there are indeed many details that need to be further discussed and explored. In this regard, we support the proposal to hold a special deliberation regarding this matter including in the form of an Open-ended Working Group in the GA plenary.
On the issue of peacebuilding tasks in peacekeeping operations, we share the views that bringing lasting peace to conflict scarred regions requires a comprehensive approach. It entails a robust political process, which all parties to the conflict have a trust in; and requires a successful and seamless transition from peacekeeping to peacebuilding.
We note that the DPKO is developing a strategy for peacebuilding tasks undertaken by peacekeepers. But as the Secretary General has pointed out ‘peacekeepers are not long-term peacebuilders’. In this regard, we share the view of the critical importance of developing a rapidly deployable civilian capacity in the UN system. This capacity roster should constitute civilian experts from all regions. As recognized by the Secretary General in his report on “the immediate aftermath of conflict”, the establishment of this capacity should court to the Global South such as countries in the Southeast Asian region. In this regard, we wish to inform that Indonesia, together with Slovakia, will co-host a workshop on ‘the role of the UN in multidimensional peacekeeping operations and post-conflict peacebuilding: towards an ASEAN perspective’ in Jakarta on March 29-30, 2010.
For its part, Madame Chair, the C-34 can promote exchanges between the pertinent stakeholders inside and outside the UN system to develop a comprehensive peacebuilding template strategy for the UN peacekeeping system. We expect that the C-34 Session will recommend tangible ways through which partnerships can be forged and strengthened with the relevant entities as the PBSO, UNDP, DPA, and OROLSI, as well as with the external multilateral financial and development agencies. This will facilitate the UN peacekeeping to perform in a robust, safe and efficient fashion.
To conclude Madame Chair, my delegation would underscore what we all know too well that peacekeepers can only succeed if there is a peace to be kept. Peacekeeping should be supported by an effective peace process involving the relevant regional actors, international community and the UN. Without that we risk endangering the lives of blue helmets and tarnishing the image of United Nations.
Let me assure you that our delegation stands ready to cooperate and contribute actively for the successful outcome of our deliberations under your very able stewardship.
I thank you.